The BTR-80 is an 8x8 wheeled amphibious armoured personnel carrier (APC) designed in the USSR. Adopted in 1986 and replaced the previous versions, BTR-60 and BTR-70 in the Soviet Army. It was first deployed during Soviet war in Afghanistan.

Class Vehicle
Type Armoured Fighting Vehicle
Manufacturer Arzamas Machinery Plant
Origin Russia (USSR)
Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1995
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Afghanistan View
Algeria View
Angola View
Armenia View
Bangladesh View
Ceylon (Sri Lanka) View
Colombia View
Djibouti View
Estonia View
Georgia View
Hungary View
India View
Indonesia View
Iraq View
Ivory Coast View
Kazakhstan View
Kenya View
Kyrgyzstan View
Macedonia View
Moldova View
Mongolia View
North Korea View
Pakistan View
Romania View
Russia (USSR) View
Sudan View
Syria View
Tajikistan View
Turkey (Ottoman Empire) View
Turkmenistan View
Ukraine View
Uzbekistan View
Venezuela View
Azerbaijan View
Belarus View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Arzamas Machinery Plant 1995 View
Gorki Automobile Factory No.1 (GAZ) 1995 View

The Soviets based the BTR-80 on the BTR-70 APC. It has a single 260-hp, V-8 turbocharged, water-cooled, diesel engine, an improvement over the twin gasoline engines installed in the BTR-60 and BTR-70 vehicles. The reconfigured rear portion of the hull accommodates a new, single engine. The Soviets removed the roof chamfers of the modified BTR-70, raised the rear, and squared off the rearward-sloping engine compartment. Standard equipment include TNPO vision blocks, optical devices TNP-B and TKN-3 for the driver and commander, an OU-3GA2M infra-red search light, six 81 mm smoke grenade launchers 902V "Tucha", a radioset (R-173 or R-163-50U), an intercom and hydrojets.

Manufacturer(s)GAZ, now Arzamas Machinery Construction Plant
StatusProduction as required. In service with Russia and others.
Production Periodcirca 1995-presentProduction Quantityover 300
TypeAPCCrew2 + 8
Length, overall7.7mLength, hull7.7m
Width, overall3.0mHeight, overall2.8m
Combat Weight14550kgUnloaded Weightn/a
Radio, externalR-4163-50UCommunication, crewR-174 intercom
Main Armament30mm 2A72 gunAmmunition Carried300x30mm
Gun Traverse360Elevation/Depression+70/-5
Traverse Raten/aElevation Raten/a
Gun StabilizationnoRangefindern/a
Night VisionyesAuto-Loaderyes
Secondary Armament7.62mm PKTM (coaxial)
small arms
Ammunition Carried2000x7.62mm

EngineYaNZ-238M2 V8 turbocharged dieselTransmissionmanual (5 forward, 1 reverse)
Horsepower240hpSuspensiontorsion bar with hydraulic shock-absorbers
Power/Weight Ratio17.9hp/tConfiguration8x8
Speed, on road80km/h (1)Wheelbase, overall4.40m
Fuel Capacityn/aTires11.50 x 400-457 (tubeless)
Range, on road600-800kmGround Pressuren/a
Fuel Consumptionn/aGradient60%
Turning Radiusn/aSide Slope42%
Ground Clearance0.48mVertical Obstacle0.5m
Angle of Approachn/aTrench Crossing2.0m
Angle of Departuren/aFordingamphibious
Smoke Laying6 x 81mm smoke grenade launchersNBC Protectionyes
Armor Detailsn/a

(1) Maximum speed 9km/h on water.

End notes