2S19 SP Gun

The 2S19 "Msta-S" (Russian: Мста, after the Msta River) is a self-propelled 152 mm howitzer designed by Russia/Soviet Union, which entered service in 1989 as the successor to the SO-152. The vehicle is based on the T-80 tank hull, but is powered by the T-72's diesel engine.

2S19 SP Gun
Class Vehicle
Type Self-Propelled artillery
Manufacturer Uraltransmash
Origin Russia (USSR)
Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1989
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Ethiopia View
Georgia View
Morocco View
Russia (USSR) 1989 View
Russia (USSR) View
Ukraine View
Venezuela View
Azerbaijan View
Belarus View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Uraltransmash 1989 View

The Msta is a modern howitzer designed for deployment either as an unarmored towed gun, or to be fitted in armored self-propelled artillery mountings. Current production of the towed model is designated Msta-B, while the self-propelled model is the Msta-S (also known by the GRAU index 2S19).

Development of the 2S19 started in 1980 under the project name Ferma. The prototype was known as Ob'yekt 317. The 2S19's standard equipment consists of a semi-automatic laying system 1P22, an automatic loader, an NBC protection system, passive night vision device for the driver, a wading kit, a dozer blade, a smoke generator and 81mm smoke grenade launchers, 1V116 intercom system and a 16 kW generator AP-18D. In 2008 the Russian armed forces ordered an improved model with an automated fire control system.

The 2A64 ordnance of the 2S19 can fire the following types of ammunition, among others: HE (24.7 km), HEAT-FS, HE-BB (28.9 km), HERA (36 km), smoke, chemical, tactical nuclear, illumination and cargo (ICM). The laser-guided round “Krasnopol” (of the 9K25 system) can also be launched, as well as the shorter "Krasnopol-M” which fits into the automatic loader.

Designations152mm 2S19 Ferma (developed under codename MSTA-S)
Manufacturer(s)Uraltransmash and Sterlitamak
StatusIn production. In service with Russia.
Production Period1989-2002+Production Quantity500+
TypeSPA (T)Crew5
Length, overall11.9 mLength, hulln/a
Width, overall3.6 mHeight, overall3.0 m
Combat Weight42000kgUnloaded Weightn/a
Radio, externaln/aCommunication, crewn/a
Main Armament152mm L47 2A64 gunAmmunition Carried50x152mm
Gun Traverse360Elevation/Depression+68/-4
Traverse Raten/aElevation Raten/a
Gun Stabilizationn/aRangefindern/a
Night VisionyesAuto-Loadern/a
Secondary Armament(anti-aircraft) 1 x 12.7 mm NSVT MGAmmunition Carried12.7 mm) 300

EngineV-12 model V-84A multifuelTransmissionmechanical, 7 forward and 1 reverse gears
Horsepower780hp (1)Suspensiontorsion bar
Power/Weight Ratio18.6hp/t (2)Track Width580 mm
Speed, on road60 km/hTrack Ground Contact4.704 m
Fuel Capacityn/aGround Pressuren/a
Range, on road500 kmGradient47%
Fuel Consumptionn/aVertical Obstacle0.5 m
Turning Radiusn/aTrench Crossing2.8 m
Ground Clearance0.435 mFording1.2 m (3)
Smoke Laying2 x 3 81mm smoke grenade dischargers and engine exhaust systemNBC Protectionyes
Armor Detailsn/a
(1) Engine develops 840hp with diesel fuel. (2) Power-to-weight ratio 20hp/t at 840hp. (3) Fording depth of 5 m, with preparation.

End notes