Semovente M42 da 75/34

The Semovente da 75/34 was an Italian self-propelled gun developed and used during World War II. It was a 75 mm L/34 gun mounted on a M15/42 tank chassis. It saw action during the defence of Rome in 1943 and later served with the Germans in Northern Italy and the Balkans. 141 were produced during the war (60 before the Armistice of Cassibile in September 1943, 81 later on by the Germans).

Semovente M42 da 75/34
Class Vehicle
Type Armoured Fighting Vehicle
Manufacturer Fiat
Production Period 1942 - 1943
Origin Italy
Country Name Origin Year
Italy 1943
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Germany View
Italy 1943 1945 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Gio. Ansaldo & C. View
Fiat 1942 1943 141 View

After the success of the Semovente da 75/18, it was decided to build a self-propelled gun with a better gun, to improve its anti-tank capability (which on the former was given by the use of HEAT shells); some prototypes were built which replaced the Obice da 75/18 with a 75 mm L/32 field gun on the M14/41 tank chassis. Only in spring 1943 did production begin, with the 75 mm L/34 gun (the same as on the Carro Armato P 40) and the chassis used was that of the M15/42 tank. Some sixty were built before the Italian armistice in September 1943.


The only operational use by the Regio Esercito was in the unsuccessful defence of Rome from 8–10 September 1943. After the Armistice of Cassibile, Italy switched sides in the war and their former ally, Germany, became their enemy. Some twelve Semoventi da 75/34 were assigned to the CXXXV Gruppo of the 135a Divisione Corazzata Ariete II. Only a few were destroyed in the fighting and the rest were seized by the Germans, which employed them in Italy and the Balkans; under German direction, some eighty more were built until 1945.

GENERAL DATA
Formal DesignationSemovente da 75/34 su Scafo M42 [Italian]
Sturmgeschutz M42 mit 75/34 851(i) [German]
Manufacturer(s)n.a.
Production Quantity36 + 80*Production PeriodMar.1943-1944
TypeAssault GunCrew3
Length hull/overall (m)5.69Barrel Overhang (m)n.a.
Width (m)2.25Height (m)1.85
Combat Weight (kg)15000Radio Equipmentn.a.
FIREPOWER
Primary Armament75mm 75/34 L/34Ammunition Carried42
Traverse (degrees)Manual (16° L - 18° R)Elevation (degrees)-12° to +22°
Traverse speed (360°)-Sightn.a.
Secondary Armament8mm Breda M38 MG (loose)Ammunition Carried1104


MOBILITY CHARACTERISTICS
Engine Make & ModelSPA M15(15TB)No. of Links/Trackn.a.
Type & DisplacementV8, 11.1 litersTrack Widthn.a.
Horsepower (max.)190hp@2400rpmTrack Ground Contactn.a.
Power/Weight Ratio12.7 hp/tGround Pressure12.2 psi
Gearbox4 forward, 1 reverseGround Clearance (m)0.38
FuelDieselTurning Radius (m)4.5
Range on/off road (km)230Gradient (degrees)40°
Mileage (liters/100km)160 on roadVertical Obstacle (m)0.80
Fuel Capacity (liters)367Fording (m)1.00
Speed on/off road40/15 km/hTrench Crossing (m)2.00
ARMOR PROTECTION
Armor (mm@degrees)FrontSideRearTop/Bottom
Hull30@round25@0°25@20°15@81° (front)
25@81° & 69°11@90° (rear)
Superstructure25+25@5°25@12°25@9°9@84°, 71° & 68°
Mantlet50---
NOTES
*Produced after German occupation in September 1943

End notes