T-34-85 Model 1944

T-34-85 Model 1944 was an armoured vehicle (tank, AFV or armoured fighting vehicle) in combat use during the Second World War (World War II or WWII) primarily on the Eastern Front. The T-34-85 was a fully tracked all-terrain vehicle designed for military operations. T-34-85 was produced and deployed by the Red Army of the Soviet Union (USSR). The technical drawing (plan, layout or profile) shows the general appearance characteristics of the specified model (version) of the T-34-85 tank for purposes of identification and reference. For more detailed information about this armoured fighting vehicle, refer to T-34-85 Model 1944.

T-34-85 Model 1944
Class Vehicle
Type Armoured Fighting Vehicle
Manufacturer Ural Rail-Car Factory (UVZ)
Production Period 1944 - 1945
Origin Russia (USSR)
Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1944
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Russia (USSR) View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Factory No.112 Red Sormovo Works 1944 1945 View
Factory No.174 (in Omsk) 1944 1945 View
Ural Rail-Car Factory (UVZ) 1944 1945 17680 View
GENERAL DATA
Formal DesignationT-34-85 Model 1944
Manufacturer(s)Factory No.183 UVZ, Factory No.112, Factory No.174
Production Quantity176801Production PeriodMar. 1944 - May 1945
TypeMedium TankCrew5
Length overall8.15 m (26' 9")Barrel Overhang2.05 m (6' 9")
Width3.00 m (9' 10")Height2.72 m (8' 11")
Combat Weight32000 kg (70000 lbs)Radio Equipment9RM
FIREPOWER
Primary Armament85mm gun ZiS-S-53Ammunition Carried56-60
Traverse (degrees)Electric (360°)Elevation (degrees)-5° to +22°
Traverse speed (360°)21 sec.SightTSh-16, MK-4
Secondary Armament2 x 7.62mm DTM MG (coaxial, bow)Ammunition Carried1890


MOBILITY CHARACTERISTICS
Engine Make & ModelV-2-34MNo. of Links/Track72/track
Type & DisplacementV12, 38.9 litersTrack Width55.0 cm (22")
Horsepower (max.)520hp@2000rpmTrack Ground Contact372 cm (146")
Power/Weight Ratio16.3 hp/tonneGround Pressure0.78 kg/cm2 (11.1 psi)
Gearbox5 forward, 1 reverseGround Clearance0.4 m (1' 4")
FuelDieselTurning Radius7.6 m (24' 11")
Range on/off road300+/180+ kmGradient35°
Mileage on road180 l/100kmVertical Obstacle0.8 m (4' 1")
Fuel Capacity540 (+ 180 external)2 lFording1.3 m (4' 3")
Speed on/off road55/30 km/hTrench Crossing2.5 m (8' 2")
ARMOR PROTECTION
Armor DetailFrontSideRearTop/Bottom
Hull45mm@30°45mm@0°45mm@45°20mm@0°
Superstructure45mm@30°45mm@50°45mm@42°20mm@0°
Turret90mm@round75mm@70°52mm@80°20mm@0-14°
Mantlet90mm@round---

NOTES
1Production continued afterward. This figure is the number produced in the production period noted.
2In general, one of the three 90 liters external fuel tanks was reserved for oil.

RT, ST, T34IA, T3485, TD1, GBT, BP04, RAH, OOBTr, RTAV, PV, Russian Military Zone

End notes