The ATR 72 is a twin-engine turboprop short-haul regional airliner built by the French-Italian aircraft manufacturer ATR. A stretched variant of the ATR 42, the aircraft seats up to 74 passengers in a single-class configuration, and is operated by a two-pilot crew.

Class Aircraft
Type Transport
Manufacturer ATR (aircraft manufacturer)
Origin France
Country Name Origin Year
France 1988
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Australia View
Japan View
United States of America 1964 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
ATR (aircraft manufacturer) 1988 754 View

The ATR 72 was developed from the ATR 42 in order to increase the seating capacity (48 to 68) by stretching the fuselage by 4.5 metres (15 ft), increasing the wingspan, adding more powerful engines, and increasing fuel capacity by approximately 10 percent. The 72 was announced in 1986, made its maiden flight on 27 October 1988 and Finnair became the first airline to put the aircraft into service on 27 October 1989.

At the end of 2014, ATR had received 1000 orders for the type and delivered 754, leaving a backlog of 246 aircraft. Since 2008, ATR has been a participant in the European Clean Sky Joint Technology Initiative and on 8 July 2015 a “green” ATR 72-600 flying technology demonstrator made its first flight; it is to be used to trial new composite insulating materials, electrical distribution system and energy dispersal modifications, and air conditioning systems to evaluate their effect on overall efficiency.

Passengers are boarded using the rear door (which is rare for a passenger aircraft) as the front door is used to load cargo. Finnair ordered their ATR 72s with a front passenger door so that they could use the jet bridges at Helsinki–Vantaa airport. Air New Zealand's standard rear door aircraft can use jet bridges at airports with this equipment. A tail stand must be installed when passengers are boarding or disembarking in case the nose lifts off the ground, which is common if the aircraft is loaded or unloaded incorrectly.

The ATR aircraft does not have an auxiliary power unit (APU) as normally equipped. The APU is an option and would be placed in the C4 cargo section. Most air carriers normally equip the aircraft with a propeller brake (referred to as "Hotel Mode") that stops the propeller on the No. 2 (right) engine, allowing the turbine to run and provide air and power to the aircraft while on the ground without the propeller spinning.


  • ATR 72–100
  • ATR 72–101
  • ATR 72–102
  • ATR 72–200
  • ATR 72–201
  • ATR 72–202
  • ATR 72–210
  • ATR 72–211
  • ATR 72–212
  • ATR 72-212A
  • ATR 72–500
  • ATR 72–600  
  • Other versions
  • Cargo 
  • ATR 72 ASW 
  • Corporate 
  • ATR 82 
  • ATR Quick Change 

The Turkish Navy, which initially decided to purchase ten ATR 72–500 MPA, later modified its order to eight ATR 72–600 aircraft: Two 72–600 TMUA (utility) versions, and six 72–600 TMPA (ASW/ASuW) versions. The two ATR 72–600 TMUA aircraft were delivered to the Turkish Navy in 2013.

Role Regional airliner
National origin France/Italy
Manufacturer ATR
First flight 27/10/88
Introduction 27 October 1989 (Finnair)
Status In service

Azul Brazilian Airlines
Primary users Wings Air

FedEx Express

Jet Airways
Produced 1988–present
Number built 754 as of December 2014
Unit cost 72–600: US$24.7 million; US$74M / 3 aircraft = US$24.7M per aircraft (2014)
Developed from ATR 42

General characteristics
  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 68 (1-class, 31 in (79 cm) pitch) to 74 (1-class, 29 in (74 cm) pitch) passengers
  • Length: 27.17 m (89 ft 2 in)
  • Wingspan: 27.05 m (88 ft 9 in)
  • Width: 2.57 m (8 ft 5 in) (maximum cabin width)
  • Height: 7.65 m (25 ft 1 in)
  • Wing area: 61.00 m2 (656.6 sq ft)
  • Aspect ratio: 12.0:1
  • Empty weight: 13,010 kg (28,682 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 22,800 kg (50,265 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 5,000 kg (11,000 lb)
  • Typical payload: 7,500 kg (16,500 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PW127F turboprops, 1,846 kW (2,475 shp) each
  • Propellers: 568F-bladed Hamilton Standard, 3.93 m (12 ft 11 in) diameter
  • Cruise speed: 509 km/h; 316 mph (275 kn)
  • Range: 1,528 km; 949 mi (825 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 7,620 m (25,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 6.88 m/s (1,355 ft/min)
  • Takeoff Run at MTOW: 1,333 m (4,373 ft)

End notes