Albatros C.III

The Albatros C.III was a German two-seat general-purpose biplane of World War I, built by Albatros Flugzeugwerke. The C.III was a refined version of the successful Albatros C.I and was eventually produced in greater numbers than any other C-type Albatros.


Albatros C.III
Class Aircraft
Type Bomber
Manufacturer Albatros Flugzeugwerke
Origin Germany
Country Name Origin Year
Germany 1916
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Bulgaria View
Finland View
Germany 1916 View
Latvia View
Lithuania View
Poland View
Turkey (Ottoman Empire) View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Albatros Flugzeugwerke View

Like the Albatros C.I, the C.III was a popular aircraft with rugged construction and viceless handling. The most prominent difference between the two was the revised. The C.III had a lower, rounded tail compared to the large, triangular tail of the C.I, which gave the C.III greater agility. The power plant was either a 110 kW (150 hp) Benz Bz. III or a 120 kW (160 hp) Mercedes D.III inline engine and, like numerous other two-seaters used during the war (such as the British Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.8) the cylinder head and exhaust manifold protruded above the front fuselage, limiting the pilot's forward visibility.

The observer, who occupied the rear cockpit, was armed with a single 7.92 mm (0.312 in) Parabellum MG14 machine gun. Some C.III aircraft were fitted with a gun synchronizer and a single forward-firing 7.92 mm (0.312 in) LMG 08/15 machine gun. The C.III could also carry a bomb load of up to 90 kg (200 lb) in a small internal bomb bay.

Between 1926 and 1927, two Mercedes D.III engined copies were built from saved parts and components of the destroyed aircraft by the Bulgarian state aircraft workshops as the DAR 2 for use as trainers.

Role General purpose
Manufacturer Albatros Flugzeugwerke
Introduction 1916
Primary users Luftstreitkräfte
Polish Air Force
Finnish Air Force
Bulgarian Air Force
Lithuanian Air Force


General characteristics

  • Crew: two
  • Length: 8.0 m (26 ft 3 in)
  • Wingspan: 11.69 m (38 ft 4 in)
  • Height: 3.10 m (10 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 36.91 m² (397 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 851 kg (1,876 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 1,353 kg (2,983 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Benz Bz.III, 112 kW (150 hp) or Mercedes D.III liquid-cooled inline engine, 120 kW (160 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 140 km/h (76 kn, 87 mph)
  • Service ceiling: 3,350 m (11,000 ft)
  • Endurance: 4 hours

Armament

  • Guns: 1 × 7.92 mm (.312 in) Parabellum MG14 machine gun in observer's cockpit and 1 × 7.92 mm MG 08 in the nose
  • Bombs: up to 200 lbs of bombs

End notes