Antonov An-26

The Antonov An-26 (NATO reporting name: Curl) is a twin-engined turboprop civilian and military transport aircraft, designed and produced in the USSR in 1969–1985.

Antonov An-26
Class Aircraft
Type Transport
Manufacturer Antonov
Production Period 1969 - 1986
Origin Russia (USSR)
Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1969
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Angola View
Chad View
China View
Cuba View
Russia (USSR) View
Vietnam View
Belarus View
Cape Verde View
Congo View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Antonov 1969 1986 1403 View

After successful operations of the An-24T tactical transport in austere locations, interest in a version with a retractable cargo ramp increased. Initial studies for the retractable ramp were carried out as part of the projected An-40 medium transport. When given the go-ahead for the An-26 in March 1968 the Antonov OKB adapted the ramp design of the An-40 to the An-24 fuselage, thus was born the An-26. Particular attention was given to the military mission and the majority of early An-26 production was delivered to the VTA (voyenno-transportnoy aviatsii).

Using the majority of the An-24 airframe, with its high-set cantilevered wings, twin turboprops and stalky main undercarriage, the An-26 included military equipment, such as tip-up paratroop canvas seats, overhead traveling hoist, bulged observation windows and parachute static line attachment cables. The An-26 made its public debut at the 27th Paris Air Show at Le Bourget where the second prototype, CCCP-26184 (c/n00202), was shown in the static aircraft park.

The An-26 is also manufactured without a license agreement in China by Xian Aircraft Factory as the Y-14, later changed to be included in the Xian Y7 series.


  • An-26
  • An-26-100
  • An-26 Nel'mo
  • An-26 Pogoda
  • An-26 Polyot
  • An-26 Sfera
  • An-26 Shtabnoy
  • An-26 Vita
  • An-26A
  • An-26ASLK
  • An-26B
  • An-26B
  • An-26B Tsiklon   
  • An-26B-100
  • An-26BL
  • An-26BRL
  • An-26D
  • An-26K Kaira
  • An-26K Kaplya
  • An-26KPA
  • An-26L
  • An-26LL-PLO
  • An-26LP
  • An-26M Spasatel
  • An-26P
  • An-26P Prozhektor
  • An-26REP
  • An-26RL
  • An-26RR
  • An-26RT
  • An-26RT
  • An-26RTR
  • An-26S
  • An-26Sh
  • An-50

Non-USSR /-Ukrainian versions

  • An-26SM
  • An-26M
  • An-26ST
  • An-26T
  • An-26Z-1
  • Xian Y-7H
  • Xian Y-14

The An-26 has a secondary bomber role with underwing bomb racks. In the bombing role it was extensively used by the Sudanese Air Force during the Second Sudanese Civil War and the War in Darfur. Also Russian Forces train with the An-26 as a bomber.

Role Transport aircraft
National origin Soviet Union (Ukraine)
Design group Antonov
First flight 21 May 1969
Status Operational
Primary user Russian Air Force
Vietnamese Air Force
Produced 1969–1986
Number built 1403
Developed from Antonov An-24
Variants Antonov An-32

General characteristics

  • Crew: 5 (2 pilots, 1 radio operator, 1 flight engineer, 1 navigator)
  • Capacity: 40 passengers
  • Payload: 5,500 kg (12,125 lb)
  • Length: 23.80 m (78 ft 1 in)
  • Wingspan: 29.20 m (95 ft 9½ in)
  • Height: 8.58 m (28 ft 1½ in)
  • Wing area: 74.98 m² (807 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 15,020 kg (33,113 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 24,000 kg (52,911 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Progress AI-24VT turboprops, 2,103 kW (2,820 ehp) each
    (plus one Tumansky Ru-19-A300 type 7.85 kN (1,795 lb st) thrust small turbojet in the right nacelle which serves as APU and climb rate / high altitude cruise booster)


  • Cruise speed: 440 km/h (237 knots, 273 mph)
  • Range: 2,500 km (1,376 nmi, 1,584 mi) with maximum fuel; 1,100 km (594 nmi, 683 mi) with maximum payload
  • Service ceiling: 7,500 m (24,600 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 8.0 m/s (1,575 ft/min)

End notes