Antonov An-12

The Antonov An-12 (Russian: Антонова Ан-12; NATO reporting name: Cub) is a four-engined turboprop transport aircraft designed in the Soviet Union. It is the military version of the Antonov An-10 and has many variants.

Antonov An-12
Class Aircraft
Type Transport
Manufacturer Antonov
Production Period 1965 - 2008
Origin Russia (USSR)
Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1957
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Armenia View
Belarus View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Antonov 1965 2008 1248 View
The first prototype An-12 flew in December 1957. Over 900 had been built (both military and civilian versions) when Soviet production finally ended in 1973. The An-12BP entered Soviet military service in 1959. In terms of configuration, size, and capability, the aircraft is similar to the United States-built Lockheed C-130 Hercules. Soviet military and former-Soviet An-12s have a defensive tail gun turret.

Variants

  • An-12
  • An-12A
  • An-12AD
  • An-12AP
  • An-12B   
  • An-12B (LIAT)
  • An-12B-30
  • An-12B-I
  • An-12BK
  • An-12BK-IS
  • An-12BK-PPS
  • An-12BKK
  • An-12BKSh
  • An-12BKT
  • An-12BKV
  • An-12BL
  • An-12BM
  • An-12BP
  • An-12BPTs
  • An-12BSh
  • An-12BSM
  • An-12BZ-1
  • An-12BZ-2
  • An-12D
  • An-12DK
  • An-12D-UPS
  • An-12M
  • An-12P
  • An-12PL
  • An-12PP
  • An-12PS
  • An-12R
  • An-12R
  • An-12RR
  • An-12RU 
  • An-12SN
  • An-12T
  • An-12TP-2
  • An-12T Mystery Designations
  •         An-12TA
  •         An-12TB
  •         An-12TBP
  •         An-12TBK
  • An-12U
  • An-12UD
  • An-12UD-3
  • An-12VKP
  • An-40
  • An-40PLO
  • An-42
Other variants
  • Shaanxi Y-8
  • Shaanxi Y-9
  •     Based on Y-8F
  •     KJ-500 AEW&C
  • Sever ACV
  • An-12 ballistic missile transporter 
  • An-12 with underwing tanks and IFR probe
  • An-12A communications relay aircraft
  • An-12AP
  • An-12B instrumentation calibration laboratory
  • An-12BP Polar support
  • An-12BK SAR variant
  • An-12 testbeds


Role Civil and Military transport aircraft
Manufacturer Antonov
First flight 16 December 1957
Introduction 1959
Status Active service with various airlines (especially cargo) and Air Forces
Primary users Belarus Air Force
Aeroflot
PLA Air Force
Produced 1957–1973
Number built 1248
Developed from Antonov An-10
Variants Shaanxi Y-8


General characteristics

  • Crew: 5: 2 pilots, flight engineer, navigator, radio operator
  • Capacity: 90 troops
  • Payload: 20,000 kg (44,000 lb)
  • Length: 33.10 m (108 ft 7 in)
  • Wingspan: 38.00 m (124 ft 8 in)
  • Height: 10.53 m (34 ft 7 in)
  • Wing area: 121.7 m (1,310 ft)
  • Empty weight: 28,000 kg (62,000 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 61,000 kg (130,000 lb)
  • Powerplant: 4 x Progress AI-20L or AI-20M turboprops, 4,000 ehp (3,000 kW) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 777 km/h (419 knots, 482 mph)
  • Cruise speed: 670 km/h (361 knots, 415 mph)
  • Range:
    • With maximum fuel: 5,700 km (3,075 nm, 3,540 mi)
    • With maximum load: 3,600 km (1,945 nm, 2,235 mi)
  • Service ceiling 10,200 m (33,500 ft)
  • Rate of climb: m/s (ft/min)

Armament

  • Guns: 2 x 23 mm (0.906 in) cannon Nudelman-Rikhter NR-23 in a tail turret (some aircraft)

End notes