Armstrong Whitworth Scimitar

The Armstrong Whitworth A.W.35 Scimitar was a British single engined biplane fighter aircraft designed and built by Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft. Four Scimitars were produced for the Norwegian Army Air Force and were delivered in 1936. 

Armstrong Whitworth Scimitar
Class Aircraft
Type Fighter
Manufacturer Armstrong Whitworth
Production Period 1935 - 1940
Origin United Kingdom - UK (Great Britain)
Country Name Origin Year
United Kingdom - UK (Great Britain) 1935
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Armstrong Whitworth 1935 1940 6 View
The A.W.35 Scimitar was a development of Armstrong Whitworth's earlier Armstrong Whitworth A.W.16 fighter, powered by an Armstrong Siddeley Panther engine, with a lowered nose decking and an enlarged fin and rudder. The first prototype (G-ACCD) was a modification of the second A.W.16, and first flew in this form on 29 April 1935. A second prototype (G-ADBL) was constructed by conversion of an A.W.16.

Four Scimitars were ordered for the Norwegian Army Air Service. After testing of two of the production aircraft by the A & AEE at Martlesham Heath in late 1935, they were delivered to Norway in 1936. When the Germans invaded in 1940 the Scimitars were all undergoing maintenance and could not be made operational in time to see combat.

The second prototype Scimitar was preserved by Armstrong Whitworth at its Whitley factory until 1958, when it was scrapped.

Role Fighter
National origin United Kingdom
Manufacturer Armstrong Whitworth
First flight 1935
Introduction 1936
Primary user Norway
Number built 6
Developed from Armstrong Whitworth A.W.16

General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Length: 25 ft 0 in (7.62 m)
  • Wingspan: 33 ft 0 in (10.06 m)
  • Height: 12 ft 0 in (3.66 m)
  • Wing area: 261 ft (24.3 m)
  • Empty weight: 2,956 lb (1,344 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 4,100 lb (1,864 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 x Armstrong Siddeley Panther X 14-cylinder radial engine, 735 hp (548 kW)


  • Maximum speed: 192 knots (221 mph, 336 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 161 knots (185 mph, 298 km/h)
  • Wing loading: 15.7 lb/ft (76.8 kg/m)
  • Power/mass: 0.179 hp/lb (0.294 kW/kg)
  • Climb to 10,000 ft: 5 min 15 sec


  • Two forward firing .303 in Vickers machine guns

End notes