Armstrong Whitworth Wolf

The Armstrong Whitworth Wolf was a British two-seat reconnaissance aircraft ordered by the Royal Air Force in 1923. 

Armstrong Whitworth Wolf
Class Aircraft
Type Reconnaissance
Manufacturer Armstrong Whitworth
Production Period 1923 - 1931
Origin United Kingdom - UK (Great Britain)
Country Name Origin Year
United Kingdom - UK (Great Britain) 1923
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
United Kingdom - UK (Great Britain) 1923 1931 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Armstrong Whitworth 1923 1931 6 View

It was a two-bay biplane of unorthodox design, with the fuselage mounted between the two sets of wings. No production order was placed, and the three machines built served their days at the Royal Aircraft Establishment at Farnborough as experimental testbeds. 

Alongside the RAF order in 1923, Armstrong Whitworth also built two for the RAF Reserve Flying School at Whitley, and a final, sixth aircraft in 1929. As trainers, they proved popular with pilots although less so with ground crews for whom the rigging and undercarriage were awkward to maintain. 

All Wolves were retired from service in 1931 and all but the most recently-built were scrapped. The final aircraft was taken to Hamble for use as an instructional airframe.

Role Trainer
Manufacturer Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft
First flight 19 January 1923
Introduction 1923
Retired 1931
Primary users Royal Air Force
Royal Aircraft Establishment
Produced 1923-1929
Number built 6

General characteristics

  • Crew: two: pilot and observer or instructor
  • Length: 31 ft (9.45)
  • Wingspan: 39 ft 10 in (12.14)
  • Height: 13 ft (3.96 m)
  • Wing area: 488 sq. ft (45.3 m2)
  • Empty weight: 2,690 lb (1,220 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 4,090 lb (1,855 kg)


  • Maximum speed: 110 mph (177 km/h)
  • Service ceiling 15,150 (4,600)
  • Rate of climb: 770 ft/min (3.9 m/s)
  • Endurance: 3 hr 45 min


  • 1 x fixed, forward-firing .303 Vickers machine gun
  • 1 x .303 Lewis machine gun in Scarff ring for observer

End notes