Avro Type 533 Manchester

The Avro 533 Manchester was a First World War era twin-engine biplane photo reconnaissance and bomber aircraft designed and manufactured by Avro. 

The Avro 533A Manchester Mk II flew for the first time in December 1918 with flight testing continuing with No. 186 Development Squadron. By March 1919, Avro sent the first prototype to Martlesham Heath for official trials before its eventual return to the Avro factory at Hamble. The aircraft was a large, and mainly conventional design that featured wooden and fabric construction typical of the time. Open cockpits were retained, although later modifications were planned for passenger compartments in the interior. 

In December 1919, the second prototype received its Dragonfly I engines, and was redesignated the Avro 533A Manchester Mk I. Other than the different engines, there were few differences between the two types, other than the Mk I having a slightly reduced lower wing surface, and enlarged tail fin and rudder to correct control problems indicated in testing. Flight testing also indicated a lower performance than anticipated which resulted in Avro reconsidering further trials, and eventually led to the abandoning of the third prototype, which was never fitted with engines.

Avro Type 533 Manchester
Class Aircraft
Type Bomber
Manufacturer Avro
Production Period 1918 - 1919
Origin United Kingdom - UK (Great Britain)
Country Name Origin Year
United Kingdom - UK (Great Britain) 1918
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Avro 1918 1919 2 View

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 2
  • Length: 37 ft 0 in (11.28 m)
  • Wingspan: 60 ft 0 in (18.29 m)
  • Height: 12 ft 6 in (3.81 m)
  • Wing area: 813 ft (75.6 m)
  • Empty weight: 4,887 lb (2,221 kg)
  • Gross weight: 7,390 lb (3,359 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 x ABC Dragonfly nine cylinder air cooled radial engine, 320 hp (239 kW)each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 128 mph (206 km/h)
  • Stall speed: <45 mph="" (72="">
  • Endurance: 5 hours 45 min
  • Service ceiling: 17,000 ft (5,200 m)

Armament

  • Two .303 in Lewis guns at nose and midships positions
  • 880 lb (400 kg)

End notes