CASA C-212 Aviocar

The CASA C-212 Aviocar is a turboprop-powered STOL medium transport aircraft designed and built in Spain for civil and military use. C-212s are also produced under licence in Indonesia by Indonesian Aerospace, formerly called IPTN but now known as IAe. The design was initially marketed under the name of Aviocar, but EADS-CASA no longer uses that name in referring to the C-212.

A total of 478 C-212s of all variants had been delivered through the end of 2008 by EADS-CASA. EADS-CASA predicts that an additional 85 aircraft will be delivered in the 2007–2016 time period. EADS-CASA currently builds only the C-212-400, which received Spanish certification in 1998. The C-212-200 is currently built in Indonesia, and IAe is also reportedly preparing to begin assembly of -400 models.

CASA C-212 Aviocar
Class Aircraft
Type Transport
Manufacturer Construcciones Aeronauticas SA
Origin Spain
Country Name Origin Year
Spain 1971
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Australia View
Bosnia-Herzegovina View
Indonesia View
Portugal View
Spain 1974 View
United States of America View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Indonesian Aerospace View
EADS CASA 1971 100 View
Construcciones Aeronauticas SA 1971 478 View

During the late 1960s, the Spanish Air Force was still operating the already outdated three-engined Junkers Ju 52 and two-engined Douglas C-47, unpressurized and non-turbocharged piston-powered aircraft. CASA developed the C-212 as a more modern alternative using the lighter and more reliable turboprop engine, with the first prototype flying on 26 March 1971. In 1974, the Spanish Air Force decided to acquire the Aviocar to update its fleet.

Airlines took note of the type's success with the military, so CASA developed a commercial version, the first examples of which were delivered in July 1975. In August 2006 a total of 30 CASA C-212 aircraft (all variants) remain in airline service around the world.

The C-212 has a high-mounted wing, a boxy fuselage, and a conventional tail. The tricycle undercarriage is non-retractable. It has space for 21–28 passengers depending on configuration. Since the C-212 does not have a pressurized fuselage, it is limited to relatively low-flight-level airline usage (below 10,000 ft (3,000 m) MSL). It is thus ideal for short legs and regional airline service.


Series 100

  • C-212A : Original military production version. Also known as C-212-5, C-212-5 series 100M, and by the Spanish Air Force as the T-12B and D-3A (for medevac aircraft), 129 built.
  • C-212AV : VIP transport version, T-12C.
  • C-212B : Six pre-production C-212As converted for photo-reconnaissance missions, TR-12A.
  • C-212C : Original civil version
  • C-212D : Two pre-production C-212As converted for use as navigational trainers, TE-12B.
  • NC-212-100 : Manufactured under licence in Indonesia since 1976, IPTN producing 28 NC-212-100s before switching to NC-212-200.

Series 200 : Stretched version with updated engines (Honeywell TPE331-10R-511C or -512C, rated at 900 shp (671 kW) each), introduced in 1979. The CASA C-212-200 is also a popular skydiving aircraft, known for its large capacity, fast climb, and large tailgate exit ramp.

  • C-212 series 200M : Military version known as T-12D in Spanish service and Tp 89 for the Swedish Air Force. Specialised ASW and maritime patrol aircraft have been built from this version.
  • NC-212-200 : C-212-200 built under licence by IPTN.
  • NC-212-200 MPA : C-212-200 built under licence by IPTN, Designed as Maritime Patrol Aircraft

Series 300 : Standard production version from 1987 on. Engines were Honeywell TPE331-10R-513C, also rated at 900 shp (670 kW) continuous (925 shp maximum). The propellers were changed from four-bladed Hartzell composite blade propellers to four-bladed Dowty-Rotol all-metal propellers. Winglets and a larger vertical stabilizer area provide improved performance, and the addition of a nose baggage compartment gives the nose a more streamlined look than the Series 200. Various systems have been incrementally upgraded, including the addition of an integrated autopilot system.

  • C-212-M series 300 (Series 300M) : Military version.
  • C-212 series 300 airliner : 26 seat regional airliner.
  • C-212 series 300 utility : 23 seat civil utility version.
  • C-212 series 300P : Civil utility version with Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-65 engines

Series 400 : Upgraded version with 925 shp (690 kW) TPE331-12JR-701C engines, increased payload and upgraded avionics moved from under the floor to the nose. First flew 4 April 1997, replacing Series 300 in production from 1998.

Role Medium transport aircraft
Manufacturer Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA
PT Dirgantara Indonesia
First flight 26 March 1971
Introduction May 1974
Status In production
Primary users Spanish Air Force
Indonesian Armed Forces
Portuguese Air Force
Produced 1971–present
Number built 478 (CASA) + >100 (IPTN)

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two (pilot and co-pilot)
  • Capacity: 26 passengers (civil version), 24 paratroops or 2,700 kg (5,952 lb) cargo
  • Length: 16.20 m (53 ft 1¾ in)
  • Wingspan: 20.28 m (66 ft 6½ in)
  • Height: 6.30 m (20 ft 8 in)
  • Wing area: 41.0 m² (441 ft²)
  • Airfoil: NACA 653-218
  • Aspect ratio: 10.0:1
  • Empty weight: 3,780 kg (8,333 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 7,700 kg (16,975 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Garrett AiResearch TPE-331-10R-513C turboprop engines, 617 kW (900 shp) each


  • Maximum speed: 370 km/h (200 kts, 230 mph)
  • Cruise speed: 300 km/h (162 knots, 186 mph) (econ cruise)
  • Stall speed: 145 km/h (78 knots, 90 mph)
  • Range: 1,811 km (978 nmi, 1,125 miles) econ cruise, max fuel
  • Service ceiling: 7,925 m (26,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 8.3 m/s (1,630 ft/min)


  • Up to 500 kg (1,100 lb) of weapons on two hardpoints. Typically, machine gun pods or rocket launchers.

End notes