Caproni A.P.1

Caproni Bergamaschi AP.1 was an Italian monoplane attack aircraft designed by Cesare Pallavicino, coming from the Breda firm.


Caproni A.P.1
Class Aircraft
Type Fighter
Manufacturer Caproni, Milan
Origin Italy
Country Name Origin Year
Italy 1934
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
El Salvador View
Italy 1936 View
Peru View
Spain View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Caproni, Milan 57 View

Developed from the Ca.301, a single-seat fighter version of a similar design that was not put into production, the AP.1 was a two-seater version, fitted with a more powerful Alfa Romeo radial engine. Designed to serve both as a fighter and an attack aircraft, it was a low-wing monoplane with a fixed landing gear of mixed construction, having trouser-covered legs. Although it was a monoplane at a time when many of the air forces of the world were flying biplanes, the Caproni was still an anachronism with fixed landing gear (at that time, most aircraft also had fixed landing gear).

The AP.1 prototype first flew on 27 April 1934. An initial series of 12 aircraft was delivered within 1936. In the same year, the Regia Aeronautica ordered a second series with improvements including a more powerful Alfa Romeo engine and more aerodynamic landing gear. In service, the large landing gear trousers were often removed for ease of maintenance.

Variants

  • Ca.301 - Two single-seat fighter prototypes.
  • Ca.305 - AP.1bis - Initial production version.
  • Ca.307 - Second production version.
  • Ca.308 - Seven aircraft sold to Paraguay.

The Caproni AP.1 equipped a total of eight squadriglie (Italian air unit equivalent to half an RAF squadron) of the assault wings of the Regia Aeronautica. It took part in the Spanish Civil War, but its unsatisfactory performance led to its quick replacement with the also disappointing Breda Ba.64, Ba.65 and Ba.88 types.

Four examples were acquired by El Salvador for use in the Escuadrilla de Caza (a fifth aircraft was shipped to replace an aircraft which crashed during a ferrying flight), and another seven were sold to Paraguay and used in the Chaco Postwar period (1939-1945). Another 10 aircraft ordered by Paraguay were diverted to the Regia Aeronautica.

Role Attack aircraft
Manufacturer Caproni
Designer Cesare Pallavicino
First flight April 1934
Introduction 1936
Primary user Regia Aeronautica
Number built 54 + 3 prototypes


General characteristics

  • Crew: two
  • Length: 9.34 m (30 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 13.01 m (42 ft 8 in)
  • Height: 3.00 m (9 ft 10 in)
  • Empty weight: 1,940 kg (4,277 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Alfa Romeo 126 RC.34, 582 kW (780 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 347 km/h (216 mph)
  • Range: 1,500 km (935 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 6,500 m (21,320 ft)

Armament

  • 2 × 7.7 mm (.303 in) Breda SAFAT machine guns
  • 1 × 12.7 mm (.50 in) machine gun
  • 500 kg (1,102 lb) of bombs

End notes