Dassault Mirage 5

The Dassault Mirage 5 is a supersonic attack aircraft designed in France by Dassault Aviation during the 1960s, and manufactured in France and a number of other countries. It was derived from Dassault's popular Mirage III fighter, and spawned several variants of its own, including the IAI Kfir. The aircraft is capable of nuclear weapons delivery.

Dassault Mirage 5
Class Aircraft
Type Fighter
Manufacturer Dassault Aviation
Origin France
Country Name Origin Year
France 1967
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Argentina View
Belgium View
Chile View
Colombia View
Congo (Zaire) View
Ecuador View
Egypt View
France 1967 View
Gabon View
Israel View
Libya View
Pakistan View
Peru View
Peru View
South Africa View
United Arab Emirates View
Venezuela View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Dassault Aviation 582 View

The Mirage 5 grew out of a request to Dassault from the Israeli Air Force. Since the weather over the Middle East is clear and sunny most of the time, the Israelis suggested removing avionics, normally located behind the cockpit, from the standard Mirage IIIE to reduce cost and maintenance, and replacing them with more fuel storage for attack missions. In September 1966, the Israelis placed an order for 50 units of the new aircraft.

The first Mirage 5 flew on 19 May 1967. It looked much like the Mirage III, except it had a long slender nose that extended the aircraft's length by about half a metre. A pitot tube was distinctively moved from the tip of the nose to below the nose in the majority of Mirage 5 variants.

The Mirage 5 retained the IIIE's twin DEFA guns, but added two additional pylons, for a total of seven. Maximum warload was 4,000 kg (8,800 lb). Provision for the SEPR rocket engine was deleted.

Rising tensions in the Middle East led French President Charles de Gaulle to embargo the Israeli Mirage 5s on 3 June 1967. The Mirages continued to roll off the production line, even though they were embargoed, and by 1968 the batch was complete and the Israelis had provided final payments.

In late 1969, the Israelis, who had pilots in France testing the aircraft, requested that the aircraft be transferred to Corsica, in theory to allow them to continue flight training during the winter. The French government became suspicious when the Israelis also tried to obtain long-range fuel tanks and cancelled the move.The Israelis finally gave up trying to get the aircraft and accepted a refund.

Some sources claim cooperation with France resumed outside the public's eye and Israel received 50 Mirage 5s in crates from the AdA, while the AdA took over the 50 aircraft originally intended for Israel, as Mirage 5Fs. Officially, Israel claimed to have built the aircraft after obtaining complete blueprints, naming them IAI Nesher.

Role Attack aircraft
Manufacturer Dassault Aviation
First flight 19 May 1967
Status Active
Primary users French Air Force (historical)
Belgian Air Force (historical)
Egyptian Air Force
Pakistan Air Force
Pakistan Navy
Number built 582
Developed from Dassault Mirage III
Variants IAI Nesher
IAI Kfir

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 15.55 m (51 ft 0¼ in)
  • Wingspan: 8.22 m (26 ft 11? in)
  • Height: 4.50 m (14 ft 9 in)
  • Wing area: 35.00 m² (376.8 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 7,150 kg (15,763 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 13,700 kg (30,203 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × SNECMA Atar 09C turbojet
  • Dry thrust: 41.97 kN (9,436 lbf)
  • Thrust with afterburner: 60.80 kN (13,688 lbf)


  • Maximum speed: Mach 2.2+ (2,350 km/h, 1,268 knots, 1,460 mph) at 12,000 m (39,400 ft)
  • Cruise speed: 956 km/h (516 knots, 594 mph)
  • Combat radius: 1,250 km (675 nmi, 777 mi) hi-lo-hi profile, payload two 400 kg bomb and max external fuel
  • Ferry range: 4,000 km[33] (2,158 nmi, 2,485 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 18,000 m (59,055 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 186 m/s (36,600 ft/min)


  • Guns: 2× 30 mm (1.18 in) DEFA 552 cannons with 125 rounds per gun
  • Rockets: 2× Matra JL-100 drop tank/rocket pack, each with 19× SNEB 68 mm rockets and 66 US gallons (250 liters) of fuel
  • Missiles: 2× AIM-9 Sidewinders OR Matra R550 Magics
  • Bombs: 8,800 lb (4,000 kg) of payload on five external hardpoints, including a variety of bombs, reconnaissance pods or Drop tanks

End notes