Dassault Rafale

The Dassault Rafale (English: Squall) is a French twin-engined delta-wing highly agile multi-role fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation. The Rafale is being produced both for land-based use with the French Air Force and for carrier-based naval operations with the French Navy. It has also been marketed for export. While several countries have expressed interest in the Rafale, there have been no foreign sales as of yet.

Dassault Rafale
Class Aircraft
Type Fighter
Manufacturer Dassault Aviation
Origin France
Country Name Origin Year
France 1986
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Egypt View
France View
Qatar View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Dassault Aviation 58 View

Role Multirole fighter aircraft
National origin France
Manufacturer Dassault Aviation
First flight 4 July 1986
Introduction 18 May 2001
Status In service
Primary users French Air Force
French Navy
Produced 1986–present
Number built 133 (as of October 2014)[1][2]
Program cost €45.9 billion (as of FY2013)[3](US$62.7 billion)
Unit cost Rafale B: €74 million,US$101 million (flyaway cost, FY2013)[3]
Rafale C: €68.8 million,US$94 million (flyaway cost, FY2013)[3]
Rafale M: €79 million, US$108 million (flyaway cost, 2011)[3]


General characteristics

  • Crew: 1 or 2
  • Length: 15.27 m (50.1 ft)
  • Wingspan: 10.80 m (35.4 ft)
  • Height: 5.34 m (17.5 ft)
  • Wing area: 45.7 m (492 ft)
  • Empty weight: 9.1 t (Rafale C); 9.5 t (Rafale B); 9.8 t (Rafale M)
  • Max takeoff weight: 24,500 kg (54,000 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 x SNECMA M88-2 turbofans
    • Dry thrust: 48.7 kN (10,960 lbf) each
    • Thrust with afterburner: 73.0 kN (16,400 lbf) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed:
    • High altitude: Mach 1.8 (2,150 km/h, 1,160 knots)
    • Low altitude: 1,390 km/h, 750 knots
  • Combat radius: 1,852+ km (1,000+ nmi) on penetration mission
  • Service ceiling 16,800 m (55,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 304.8+ m/s (1,000+ ft/s)
  • Wing loading: 326 kg/m (83 1/3 lb/ft)
  • Thrust/weight: 1.13

Armament

  • Guns: 1 x 30 mm (1.18 in) GIAT 30/719B cannon with 125 rounds
  • Missiles:
    • Air-to-air:
      • MICA IR/EM or
      • Magic II and in the future
      • MBDA Meteor
    • Air-to-ground:
      • MBDA Apache or
      • SCALP EG or
      • AASM or
      • GBU-12 Paveway II or
      • AM 39 Exocet or
      • ASMP-A nuclear missile

Avionics

  • Thales RBE2 radar
  • Thales SPECTRA electronic warfare system.
  • Thales/SAGEM OSF (Optronique Secteur Frontal) infrared search and track system.

End notes