Dassault Super Mystere

The Dassault Super Mystere French fighter-bomber was the first Western European supersonic aircraft to enter mass production.

Dassault Super Mystere
Class Aircraft
Type Fighter
Manufacturer Dassault Aviation
Origin France
Country Name Origin Year
France 1955
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Dassault Aviation 180 View

The Super Mystère represents the final step in evolution which began with the Dassault Ouragan and progressed through the Mystère II/III and Mystère IV. While earlier Mystère variants could attain supersonic speeds only in a dive, the Super Mystère could exceed the speed of sound in level flight. This was achieved thanks to the new thin wing with 45° of sweep (compared with 41° of sweep in the Mystère IV and only 33° in Mystère II) and the use of an afterburner-equipped turbojet engine.

The first prototype Super Mystère B.1, powered by a Rolls-Royce Avon RA.7R, took to the air on 2 March 1955. The aircraft broke the sound barrier in level flight the following day. The aircraft entered production in 1957 as the Super Mystère B.2. The production version differed from the prototype by having a more powerful SNECMA Atar 101G engine. In 1958, two Super Mystère B.4 prototypes were built. Equipped with a new 48° swept wing and a more powerful SNECMA Atar 9B engine, the aircraft were capable of Mach 1.4. Production never materialized because the faster Dassault Mirage III was entering service. In 1973, the Israeli Air Force and Honduras Air Force upgraded their Super Mystère B.2s with a non-afterburning version of the Pratt & Whitney J52-P8A and new avionics. They were called Sa'ar (Storm).

A total of 180 Super Mystère B.2s were built.

The Super Mystère served with the French Air Force until 1977. In addition, 24 aircraft were sold to the Israeli Air Force in 1958. The aircraft saw action in the 1967 Six-Day War and the 1973 Yom Kippur War. They were well liked by the Israeli pilots and were a match for the Arab MiG-19 aircraft in air-to-air combat.

In 1976, Israel sold 12 complete airframes to Honduras. In 1979, Honduras purchased 4 more complete airframes, totaling 16 aircraft. They were involved in numerous border skirmishes with Sandinista Nicaragua and were finally withdrawn from service in 1996, replaced by 12 Northrop F-5Es. The 11 surviving aircraft are for sale as surplus and 1 more is preserved at the Honduras Air Museum.

Role Fighter-bomber
Manufacturer Dassault Aviation
First flight 2 March 1955
Retired 1977 (French Air Force)
Status Retired
Primary users French Air Force
Israeli Air Force
Honduras Air Force
Produced 1956–77
Number built 180


General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 14.0 m (45 ft 11 in)
  • Wingspan: 10.1 m (33 ft 2 in)
  • Height: 4.6 m (15 ft 1 in)
  • Wing area: 32.0 m (344 ft)
  • Empty weight: 6,390 kg (14,090 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 9,000 kg (20,000 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 10,000 kg (22,000 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 x SNECMA Atar 101G-2 turbojet
    • Dry thrust: 33.3 kN (7,490 lbf)
    • Thrust with afterburner: 44.1 kN (9,920 lbf)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: Mach 1.12 (1,195 km/h, 743 mph) at 11,000 m (36,000 ft)
  • Combat range: 870 km (470 NM, 540 mi)
  • Ferry range: 1,175 km (634 NM, 730 mi)
  • Service ceiling 17,000 m (56,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 89 m/s (18,000 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 281 kg/m (57.6 lb/ft)
  • Thrust/weight: 0.50

Armament

  • Guns: 2 x 30 mm (1.18 in) DEFA cannon
  • Other: 900 kg (1,980 lb) on two wet underwing pylons
    • fuel tanks or
    • bombs or
    • unguided rockets or
    • MBDA AS 30 or Rafael Shafrir missiles

End notes