Dornier Do 228

The Dornier Do 228 is a twin-turboprop STOL utility aircraft, manufactured by Dornier GmbH (later DASA Dornier, Fairchild-Dornier) from 1981 until 1998. In 1983, Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL) bought a production licence and manufactured 125 aircraft for the Asian market sphere. Approximately 270 Do 228 were built at Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany and Kanpur, India. In August 2006, 127 Dornier Do 228 aircraft (all variants) remain in airline service.

In 2009, RUAG started building a Dornier 228 New Generation in Germany with the fuselage, wings and tail unit manufactured by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) in Kanpur (India) and transported to Oberpfaffenhofen near Munich, where RUAG Aviation carries out aircraft final assembly, customized equipment installation, product conformity inspection and aircraft delivery. It is basically the same aircraft with improved technologies and performances, such as a new five blade propeller, glass cockpit and longer range. The first delivery was in September 2010.

Dornier Do 228
Class Aircraft
Type Reconnaissance
Manufacturer Dornier Flugzeugwerke
Origin Germany
Country Name Origin Year
Germany 1981
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Angola View
Bangladesh View
Bhutan View
Finland View
Germany View
India 1982 View
Italy View
Mauritius View
Netherlands View
Nigeria View
Oman (Muscat) View
Seychelles View
Thailand (Siam) View
United Kingdom - UK (Great Britain) View
Venezuela View
Cape Verde View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Dornier Flugzeugwerke 1981 270 View


In the late 1970s, Dornier GmbH developed a new kind of wing, the TNT (Tragflügel neuer Technologie - Aerofoil new technology), subsidized by the German Government. Dornier tested it on a modified Do 28D-2 Skyservant and with Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-110 turboprop engines. Finally, Dornier changed the engine and tested the new aircraft, which was named Do 128 with two Garrett AiResearch TPE-331-5 engines. The company developed a new fuselage for the TNT and TPE 331–5 in two variants (15- and 19-passenger) and named both project-aircraft E-1 (later Do 228-100) and E-2 (later Do 228-200). At ILA '80, Dornier presented the new aircraft in public. Both of the prototypes were flown on 28 March 1981 and 9 May 1981 for the first time.

After German certification was granted on 18 December 1981, the first Do 228 entered service in the fleet of Norving in July 1982. British and United States certification followed on 17 April and 11 May 1984 respectively. Over the years, Dornier offered the 228 in upgraded variants and fitted with optional equipment for performing various special missions. In 1998, activity on the production line was halted, in part to concentrate on the development of the successor Fairchild-Dornier 328.

Do 228NG

The Dornier 228NG was produced by RUAG Aviation and certified by EASA on 18 August 2010. First delivery, to a Japanese customer, took place in September 2010. The main changes from the previous Dornier 228-212 model are a new five-blade propeller made of composite material, more powerful engines and an advanced glass cockpit featuring electronic instrument displays. In 2011, the Bangladesh Navy ordered two Do 228NG for the surveillance and search and rescue (SAR) mission. The aircraft were delivered on 3 June 2013. RUAG suspended production of the Do 228NG after completion of the initial batch of eight in 2013. Production restarted in 2015, with deliveries of four per year planned from 2016.

In October 2014, HAL announced that it has received an Indian Navy order for 12 Do-228 aircraft maritime surveillance and patrol aircraft worth about Rupees 1600 crores, and a few months later in February 2015, it announced that receiving an Indian Air Force order for 14 Do-228 aircraft worth about Rupees 1090 crores including six engines and a simulator.

Role Airliner
Manufacturer Dornier GmbH
First flight March 21, 1981
Introduction 1982
Status Active service In production
Primary user Indian Air Force
Produced 1981-1998
Number built 270+ 4 in 2010 and 10 in 2013
Unit cost $ 7,000,000 Dornier 228NG
Developed from Dornier Do 28

General characteristics

  • Crew: two pilots
  • Capacity: 19 passengers
  • Payload: 2,340 kg freight (5,158 lb)
  • Length: 16.56 m (54 ft 4 in)
  • Wingspan: 16.97 m (55 ft 8 in)
  • Height: 4.86 m (15 ft 11 in)
  • Wing area: 32.0 m² (344 sq ft)
  • Airfoil: A-5
  • Empty weight: 3,739 kg (8,243 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 6,400 kg (-212) 6,200 kg (-202K) 6,100 kg (-202) 5,700 (-101) (14,550 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Garrett AiResearch TPE-331-5-252D or -10 variation( GP and GT ) turboprop, 578 kW (776 shp flat rated for -5A and -10 powerplants Available at 30 Celsius at Sea Level / 715 shp flat rated for -5 variations) each
  • Propellers: Hartzell Propellers model- HC-B4TN-5ML/LT10574 , 4 per engine
  • Propeller diameter: 105 in


  • Never exceed speed: 223 Knots (-212 )
  • Maximum speed: 223 knots (-212) 200 Knots(-200)
  • Cruise speed: 190 knots (196 mph) at appox 15 degree C with 85% torque
  • Stall speed: Flaps dependent () Appox. 75 flaps Down
  • Range: 1,111 km (715 nmi, 823 mi) with full payload
  • Service ceiling: 8,535 m (28,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 7.5 m/s (1,870 ft/min)

End notes