Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante

The Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante is a general purpose 15-21 passenger twin-turboprop light transport aircraft suitable for military and civil duties. It was manufactured by the Brazilian corporation, Embraer.

Bandeirante (English: pioneer) was the name given to the Portuguese settlers and pioneers who expanded the limits of the Portuguese Empire, language and culture in Brazil by progressively moving in and then settling from the early coastal settlements towards the inner, then unknown and uncharted zones of the vast continent.

Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante
Class Aircraft
Type Utility
Manufacturer Embraer
Production Period 1968 - 1990
Origin Brazil
Country Name Origin Year
Brazil 1968
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
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Brazil 1973 View
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ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Embraer 1968 1990 501 View

The EMB 110 was designed by the French engineer Max Holste following the specifications of the IPD-6504 program set by the Brazilian Ministry of Aeronautics in 1965.

The goal was to create a general purpose aircraft, suitable for both civilian and military roles with a low operational cost and high reliability. On this measure, the EMB 110 has succeeded.

The first prototype, with the military designation YC-95, was flown on 26 October 1968.[3] and two other prototypes were built, known as EMB 100. By 1969 an order was placed for 80 production aircraft, by now known as EMB 110 Bandeirante, for the Brazilian Air Force (FAB) with the newly formed aircraft company Embraer. The Bandeirante received its Brazilian airworthiness certificate at the end of 1972. and on 9 February 1973 was made the first delivery to FAB.

Further development of the EMB 110 was halted by the manufacturer in order to shift focus to the larger, faster, and pressurized 30-seat EMB 120 Brasilia.

On Dec 15, 2010, the Brazilian Air Force first flew an upgraded EMB 110 equipped with modern avionics equipment. Designated as the C/P-95, the aircraft has had several new systems installed by Israeli firm Elbit Systems' Brazilian subsidiary, Aeroeletronica. The Brazilian Air Force has an active fleet of 96 EMB-110s.

Deliveries started to the Brazilian Air Force in February 1973. The passenger model first flew on 9 August 1972 and entered commercial service on 16 April 1973 with the now defunct Brazilian airline company Transbrasil.

Over the next 21 years Embraer built 494 aircraft in numerous configurations for a variety of roles including:

  • YC-95 or EMB 100 - Prototype, powered by two 550 shp (410 kW) Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-20 turboprop engines. Three built.
  • EMB 110 Initial production version, powered by 680 shp (507 kW) PT6A-27 engines - Twelve seat military transport for the Brazilian Air Force, who designate it the C-95. 60 built.
  • EMB 110A - Radio calibration version for the Brazilian Air Force (EC-95). Three built.
  • EC-95B - Calibration version for the Brazilian Air Force.
  • EMB 110B - Aerial survey, aerial photography version. Seven built, six as R-95 for the Brazilian Air Force.
  • EMB 110C - The first commercial model, similar to C-95, a 15-seat passenger version.
  • EMB 110C(N) - Three navalised EMB 110Cs sold to the Chilean Navy.
  • EMB 110E Executive version of EMB 110C. Six to eight seats.
  • EMB 110E(J) Modified version of EMB 110E.
  • EMB 110K Stretched version with 0.85 m (2 ft 9½ in) fuselage plug and 750 shp (560 kW) PT6A-34 engines and fitted with ventral fin.
  • EMB 110K1 - Cargo transport version for the Brazilian Air Force, with cargo door in rear fuselage. 20 built, designated C-95A.
  • EMB 110P Dedicated commuter version of EMB 110C for Brazilian airlines, powered by PT6A-27 or -34 engines.
  • EMB 110P1 - Quick change civil cargo/passenger transport version based on EMB 110K1, with same rear cargo door.
  • EMB 110P2 - Dedicated civil passenger version of EMB 110P1, without cargo door.
  • EMB 111A - Maritime patrol version for the Brazilian Air Force. The aircraft also has the Brazilian Air Force designation P-95 Bandeirulha. Two were leased to the Argentine Navy during the Falklands War due to the retirement of their last SP-2H Neptune and until the introduction of modified L-188 Electras.
  • P-95B - 
  • EMB 111AN - Six maritime patrol aircraft sold to the Chilean Navy.
  • C-95B - Quick change cargo/passenger version for the Brazilian Air Force.
  • EMB 110P1 SAR - Search and rescue version.
  • EMB 110P/A - 18 seat passenger version, intended for export.
  • EMB 110P1/A - Mixed passenger/freight version with enlarged cargo door.
  • EMB 110P1/41 - Cargo/passenger transport aircraft.
  • EMB 110P1K/110K - Military version.
  • C-95C - The Brazilian Air Force version of the EMB 110P2.
  • EMB 110P2
  • EMB 110P2/A - Modifications for airline commuter role, seating up to 21 passengers.
  • EMB 110P2/41 - 21-seat pressurised commuter airliner.
  • EMB 110S1 - Geophysical survey version.
  • SC-95 - Search and rescue version for the Brazilian Air Force.
  • XC-95 - Rain research version for the Brazilian Air Force.
  • C/P-95 - Updated version with modernised avionics.

Production was halted in 1990, as the EMB 110 had been superseded by the increasingly popular EMB120.

Role Regional airliner
National origin Brazil
Manufacturer Embraer
Designer Max Holste
First flight 26 October 1968
Introduction 16 April 1973
Status Active
Primary users Brazilian Air Force
Produced 1968-1990
Number built 501

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 18 passengers
  • Length: 15.10 m (49 ft 6½ in)
  • Wingspan: 15.33 m (50 ft 3½ in)
  • Height: 4.92 m (16 ft 1¾ in)
  • Wing area: 29.10 m² (313.2 ft²)
  • Airfoil: NACA 23016(mod) at root, NACA 23012 (mod) at tip
  • Aspect ratio: 8.1:1
  • Empty weight: 3,393 kg (7,480 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 5,900 kg (13,010 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-34 turboprop engines, 559 kW (750 shp) each


  • Cruise speed: 341 km/h (184 knots, 212 mph) - econ cruise at 3,050 m (10,000 ft)
  • Range: 1,964 km (1,060 nm, 1,220 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 6,550 m (21,500 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 8.3 m/s (1,640 ft/min)

End notes