FMA IA 63 Pampa

The FMA IA 63 Pampa is an advanced trainer aircraft with combat capability, produced in Argentina by Fabrica Militar de Aviones (FMA) with assistance from Dornier of Germany.


FMA IA 63 Pampa
Class Aircraft
Type Attack
Manufacturer Fabrica Argentina de Aviones
Origin Argentina
Country Name Origin Year
Argentina 1986
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Argentina 1988 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Fabrica Argentina de Aviones 1984 27 View

Preliminary design studies for a replacement for the Morane-Saulnier MS-760 of the Argentine Air Force started at the Fábrica Militar de Aviones (FMA) in 1978, with these studies resulting in selection of a proposal powered by a single Garrett TFE731 turbofan with high, unswept wings. At the same time the FMA signed a partnership agreement with Dornier to develop the new aircraft.

Although influenced by the Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jet design, the Pampa differs in being a smaller aircraft, it is also single-engined and has straight supercritical wings rather than the swept ones of the Alpha Jet. It is constructed mainly of aluminium alloy, with carbon-fibre used for components such as the air intakes. The crew of two sit in tandem under a single-piece clamshell canopy. The avionics systems are also simpler than the Franco-German aircraft, which has an important secondary combat role. The Pampa prototype first flew on 6 October 1984.

Role Advanced trainer, light attack
Manufacturer Fabrica Militar de Aviones
First flight 6 October 1984
Introduction 1988
Status Operational
Primary user Argentine Air Force
Produced 1984-present
Number built 27


General characteristics

  • Crew: two
  • Length: 10.93 m (35 ft 10¼ in)
  • Wingspan: 9.69 m (31 ft 9¼ in)
  • Height: 4.29 m (14 ft 1 in)
  • Wing area: 15.63 m² (168.2 ft²)
  • Airfoil: Dornier DoA-7
  • Empty weight: 2,821 kg (6,219 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 3,500 kg (7,716 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 5,000 kg (11,023 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Garrett TFE731-2-2N turbofan, 15.57 kN (3,500 lbf)

Performance

  • Never exceed speed: Mach 0.81 (at 9,500 m (31,170 ft))
  • Maximum speed: 819 km/h (442 knots, 509 mph) at 7,000 m (22,965 ft)
  • Cruise speed: 747 km/h (403 knots, 464 mph) at 4,000 m (13,125 ft)
  • Range: 1,500 km (809 nmi, 932 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 12,900 m (42,325 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 30.2 m/s (5,950 ft/min)

Armament

  • Guns: 1× 30 mm (1.18 in) Defa-Giat 554
  • Hardpoints: 5 with a capacity of
  • 400 kg (880 lb) on inboard underwing pylons
  • 250 kg (550 lb) on fuselage centerline and outer wing pylons

End notes