Farman F.60 Goliath

The Farman F.60 Goliath was an airliner produced by the Farman Aviation Works from 1919. It was instrumental in the creation of early airlines and commercial routes in Europe after World War I. The Goliath was initially designed in 1918 as a heavy bomber capable of carrying 1000 kg of bombs with a range of 1500 km.

Farman F.60 Goliath
Class Aircraft
Type Bomber
Manufacturer Farman Aviation Works
Origin France
Country Name Origin Year
France 1919
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
France 1919 1931 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Farman Aviation Works 60 View

The Goliath was initially designed in 1918 as a heavy bomber capable of carrying 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) of bombs with a range of 1,500 km (930 mi). It was a fixed-undercarriage three-bay biplane of fabric-covered wood construction, powered by two Salmson Z.9 engines. It had a simple and robust, yet light structure. The wings were rectangular with a constant profile with aerodynamically balanced ailerons fitted to both upper and lower wings.

It was undergoing initial testing when World War I came to an end and Farman realized there would be no orders for his design. Nonetheless he was quick to understand that the big, box-like fuselage of the Goliath could be easily modified to convert the aircraft into an airliner. Commercial aviation was beginning to be developed and was in need of purpose-built aircraft. With the new passenger cabin arrangement, the Goliath could carry up to 12 or 14 passengers. It had large windows to give the passengers a view of the surroundings. The Salmson engines could be replaced by other types (Renault, Lorraine) if a customer desired it. Approximately 60 F.60 Goliaths were built. Between 1927 and 1929, eight Goliaths with various engines were built under licence in Czechoslovakia, four by Avia and four by Letov.

Farman was quick to press the Goliath into service and made several publicity flights. On 8 February 1919, the Goliath flew 12 passengers from Toussus-le-Noble to RAF Kenley, near Croydon. Since non-military flying was not permitted at that date, Lucien Bossoutrot and his passengers were all ex-military pilots who wore uniform and carried mission orders for the circumstances. The flight went well, taking 2 hours and 30 minutes. The pilot and passengers were well received in England. The return flight was made the following day and took 2 hours and 10 minutes.

Other flights were made to publicize the Goliath. On 3 April 1919, 14 passengers were flown to an altitude of 6,200 m (20,341 ft). Later, on 11 August 1919, an F.60 flew eight passengers and a ton of supplies from Paris via Casablanca and Mogador to Koufa, 180 km (110 mi) north of Saint-Louis, Senegal, flying more than 4,500 km (2,800 mi).

Airlines, which were appearing very quickly all over Europe, were quick to acquire the F.60. In 1920, the Compagnie des Grands Express Aériens (CGEA) began scheduling regular flights between Le Bourget and Croydon. The Compagnie des Messageries Aériennes (CMA) soon followed suit. The Société Générale de Transports Aérien (SGTA) opened a Paris-Brussels route in July 1920, flown by the Goliath. In May 1921, this route was extended to Amsterdam. Belgian airline Société Nationale pour l'Etude des Transports Aériens (SNETA) also opened a Brussels-London route in April 1921.

Role Airliner
National origin France
Manufacturer Farman Aviation Works
First flight January 1919
Introduction February 1919
Retired c.1931
Number built approx. 60


General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 12-14 passengers
  • Length: 14.33 m (47 ft)
  • Wingspan: 26.50 m (86 ft 11 in)
  • Height: 5.00 m (16 ft 5 in)
  • Wing area: 161 m (1732 ft)
  • Empty weight: 2500 kg (5,506 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 4770 kg (10,506 lb)
  • Useful load: 3000 kg (6,607 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 x Salmson Z.9 water-cooled radial engines, 312 kW (230 hp) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 140 km/h (87 mph)
  • Cruise speed: 120 km/h (75 mph)
  • Range: 400 km (248 mi)
  • Service ceiling 4000 m (13,123 ft)

End notes