Fiat CR.20

The Fiat CR.20 was an Italian biplane fighter used during the 1920s and 1930s. Designed by Celestino Rosatelli, it represented an intermediate step from the early biplane CR.1 and the later, successful series CR.30-CR.32-CR.42.

For the new aircraft, Rosatelli used a traditional sesquiplane configuration. The engine was a water-cooled 306 kW (410 hp) Fiat A.20 V-12 engineer.

Major variants were the CR.20 Idro, a pontoon floatplane, and the CR.20 Asso, using a more powerful (336 kW/450 hp) Isotta-Fraschini engine. CR.20bis, produced from 1930, differed from the original version only for the addition of a more advanced landing gear.

At its peak in 1933, the CR.20 equipped 27 squadrons of the Italian Regia Aeronautica. The aircraft was used against Libyan rebels and in the early stages of the Second Italo-Abyssinian War in the attack role. The CR.20s remained in service with the Regia Aeronautica in the aerobatics and training until the 1930s. In 1933, Italy sold five CR.20s to Paraguay, which was fighting the Chaco War against Bolivia, these serving as Paraguay's only fighters through to the end of the war.

Fiat CR.20
Class Aircraft
Type Fighter
Manufacturer Fiat Aviazione
Origin Italy
Country Name Origin Year
Italy 1926
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Austria View
Hungary View
Italy View
Lithuania View
Paraguay View
Poland View
Russia (USSR) View
Spain View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Fiat Aviazione 735 View

Role Fighter
Manufacturer Fiat
Designer Celestino Rosatelli
First flight June 19, 1926
Primary users Regia Aeronautica
Hungarian Air Force
Number built c. 250 CR.20
c. 46 CR.20 Idro
c. 235 CR.20bis
c. 204 CR.20 Asso


General characteristics

  • Crew: One, pilot
  • Length: 6.70 m (21 ft 11¾ in)
  • Wingspan: 9.80 m (32 ft 1¾ in)
  • Height: 2.75 m (9 ft 0 in)
  • Wing area: 25.65 m² (276.1 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 980 kg (2,160 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 1,400 kg (3,068 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Fiat A.20, 331 kW (420 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 270 km/h (146 knots, 168 mph)
  • Range: 750 km[4] (460 m)
  • Endurance: 3 hours
  • Service ceiling: 7,500 m[5] (24,600 ft)
  • Climb to 5,000 m (16,400 ft): 13.62 min

Armament

  • Guns: 2 × 7.7 mm (.303 in) machine guns

End notes