Fokker C.X

The Fokker C.X was a biplane scout and light bomber designed in 1933. It had a crew of two (a pilot and an observer). Like all Fokker aircraft in that period, it was of mixed construction, with wooden wings and a welded frame covered with aluminium plates at the front of the aircraft and with linen at the back. The prototype was built in 1934 with a Rolls-Royce Kestrel V engine. 

It was originally designed for the Royal Dutch East Indies Army, in order to replace the Fokker C.V. The East Indies Army ordered 13 C.Xs, but they were soon replaced in the scout/light bomber role by the American Martin B-10s. Until the Japanese attack on the Dutch East Indies in 1941, the C.X remained in use as a trainer and target tug. The Royal Netherlands Air Force ordered 16 C.Xs, and four more C.Xs with Kestrel IIS engines; these four were later re-equipped with Kestrel V engines. 

Two C.Xs were delivered to the Spanish Republic, and four more to Finland. The Finnish also license-produced 35 C.Xs until 1942. These C.Xs were equipped with Bristol Pegasus XII engines. 

During the German attack on the Netherlands in May 1940, the C.Xs served in their intended role as scouts and light bombers. They were far too slow to compete with German aircraft such as the Messerschmitt Bf 109. The Finnish C.Xs served in the Winter War, the Continuation War and the Lapland War. The last of the 7 Finnish C.Xs that survived the World War II era crashed in 1958.

Fokker C.X
Class Aircraft
Type Bomber
Manufacturer Fokker
Production Period 1933 - 1942
Origin Netherlands
Country Name Origin Year
Netherlands 1934
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Fokker 1933 1942 75 View

During the German attack on the Netherlands in May 1940, the C.Xs served in their intended role as scouts and light bombers. The tactic of "hugging the ground" allowed the C.Xs to achieve some success. Two C.Xs and their crews escaped to France after the Dutch surrender.

The Finnish C.Xs served with distinction in the Winter War, the Continuation War and the Lapland War. The last of the seven Finnish C.Xs that survived the war crashed in 1958. The craft, designated FK-111, served as a target-towing craft in the Finnish Air Force. The plane crashed into a forest on 21 January 1958, killing the pilot (Second Lieutenant Aimo Allinen) and the winch-operator (2nd Ltn Antti Kukkonen).

Role Light recce, bomber aircraft
Manufacturer Fokker
Introduction 1933
Primary users Royal Netherlands Air Force
Finnish Air Force


General characteristics

  • Crew: Two
  • Length: (Dutch) 9.2m (Finnish) 9.1m ((Dutch)30 ft 2.25 in (Finnish) 29 ft 9 in)
  • Wingspan: 12.00 m (39 ft 4.5 in)
  • Height: 3.30 m (10 ft 10 in)
  • Empty weight: (Dutch and Finnish) Approx 1400 kg
  • Loaded weight: (Dutch)2250 kg (Finnish)2500 kg
  • Max takeoff weight: 2,900 kg (6,393 lbs)
  • Powerplant: 1 x (Dutch) 650hp Rolls Royce Kestrel V12 liquid cooled. (Finnish) License built 850hp Bristol Pegasus XII nine-cylinder radial., (Dutch) 650hp (Finnish) 850hp

Performance

  • Maximum speed: (Dutch) 199mph (Finnish) 211mph
  • Range: 516 miles(Dutch) 522 miles (Finnish)
  • Service ceiling (Dutch) 8300m (Finnish) 8400m ((Dutch) 27,230ft (Finnish) 27,560ft)
  • Rate of climb: 8.3 m/s

Armament

  • 2 x 7.9mm machine guns fixed in top of front fuselage and a third manually aimed from rear cockpit.
  • Underwing racks for two 385lb (175kg) or four 221lb (100kg) bombs.

End notes