The HAL Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) is a single-seat, twin-engine, fifth-generation stealth multirole fighter being developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) of India. It will complement the HAL Tejas, the HAL FGFA, the HAL Su-30MKI and the HAL Rafale. Unofficial design work on the AMCA started in 2008 with official work started in 2011 and completed in 2014. A naval version is confirmed, as the Indian Navy are also funding the project In February 2013, aircraft designer Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) unveiled finalised design in a 1:8 scale model at Aero India 2013. The first flight is scheduled to occur in 2018 and it is expected to be in service by 2024.

Class Aircraft
Type Fighter
Manufacturer Hindustan Aeronautics
Origin India
Country Name Origin Year
India 2013
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Hindustan Aeronautics View

The HAL AMCA is a multirole fighter aircraft aircraft, with shoulder mounted Diamond shaped trapezoidal wings, a profile with substantial area-ruling to reduce drag at transonic speeds, and an all-moving Canard-Vertical V-tail with large fuselage mounted Tail-wing. Flight control surfaces include leading and trailing-edge flaps, ailerons, rudders on the canted vertical stabilizers, and all-moving tailplanes; these surfaces also serve as Air brakes. The cockpit featuring a single seat configuration which is placed high, near the Air inlates and Wings of the aircraft for good visibility for the pilot. The aircraft features a tricycle landing gear configuration with a nose landing gear leg and two main landing gear legs. The weapons bay is placed on the underside of the fuselage between the nose and main landing gear. The AMCA is designed with a very small radar cross-section and will also feature serpentine shaped air-intakes to reduce radar exposure to the fan blade which increases stealth, Internal weapons bay and the use of composites and other materials. The flight control surfaces are controlled by a central management computer system. Raising the wing flaps and ailerons on one side and lowering them on the other provided roll.

A leading-edge root extension (LERX) situated on front section of the intake and wings of the aircraft which is a small fillet, shaped in a typically roughly rectangular, running forward from the leading edge of the wing root to a point along the fuselage. Also, amca has an In-flight refueling (IFR) probe that retracts beside the cockpit during normal operation.

Role Stealth multirole fighter
National origin India
Manufacturer Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
Designer Aeronautical Development Agency,Defence Research and Development Organisation
First flight 2018 (expected)
Status Under development
Primary users Indian Air Force
Indian Navy

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1 (pilot)
  • Length: 17.20 m (55 ft 25 in)
  • Wingspan: 11.80 m (38 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 4.80 m (15 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 39.9 m²' (486.5 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 14 tons ()
  • Loaded weight: 24 tons ()
  • Max. takeoff weight: 29 tons two tonnes of internal weapons and four tonnes of internal fuel ()
  • Powerplant: × 2 x K 9+ or K 10 engine with 110 kN-125 kN of thrust each


  • Maximum speed: Mach 2.5+ (2,655+ km/h, 1,650+ mph) at altitude. Mach 1.2 (1,450 km/h, 900 mph) at sea level.
  • Cruise speed: Mach 1.6 (1,875 km/h)- Speed as capable of supercruise.
  • Range: 2800 kilometres (1750 miles) ()
  • Ferry range: 4600 Kilometers (2875 miles) ()
  • Service ceiling: 18,044 m (59,200 ft (18,044 m))
  • Rate of climb: >13,716 m/min (>45,000 ft/min) ()


  • Guns: 23 mm GSh-23 cannon
  • Hardpoints: 8 (stealthy configuration) 12 (maximum non stealth load)
  • Missiles: Astra (missile) for long range BVRAAM combat. Python 5 all aspect short range. Vympel R-73 short/visual range combat missile. (Possible missiles for AMCA.)


  • AESA radar,
  • Integrated Avionics systems
  • Helmet Mounted Display
  • Datalink capabilities
  • IRST
  • E/O Targeting System (EOTS)
  • multi-functional integrated radio electronic system (MIRES)
  • AESA radar
  • ECM suite
  • Electro-optical suite
  • Laser-based counter-measures against infrared missiles
  • IRST for airborne targets
  • Ultraviolet warning sensors
  • Targeting pod

End notes