Hanriot HD.3

The Hanriot HD.3 was a two-seat fighter aircraft produced in France during World War I.

Hanriot HD.3
Class Aircraft
Type Fighter
Manufacturer Hanriot (aircraft company)
Origin France
Country Name Origin Year
France 1917
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
France 1917 View
Italy View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Hanriot (aircraft company) 90 View

Similar in appearance to a scaled-up HD.1, the Hanriot HD.3 was a conventional, single-bay biplane with staggered wings of equal span. The pilot and gunner sat in tandem, open cockpits and the main units of the fixed tailskid undercarriage were linked by a cross-axle. Short struts braced the fuselage sides to the lower wing.

Flight testing revealed excellent performance, and the French government ordered 300 of the type in 1918, in preparation for a major offensive the following year. When the war ended, the contract was cancelled with around 75 aircraft having been delivered to the Aéronautique Militaire and at least 15 to the Aéronautique Maritime. One example was delivered to the Aéronautique Maritime in summer 1918 equipped with twin float undercarriage and a larger tailfin; it was intended that this would be the prototype of a dedicated floatplane fighter designated HD.4, but the war ended before any further development took place. The Armistice also led to the abandonment of a dedicated night fighter variant, the HD.3bis, with enlarged and balanced ailerons and rudder and with a wing of increased section.

After the war, one of the navy's machines was used for trials aboard the new aircraft carrier Béarn, while another was used for floatation tests at the Isle of Grain.

Role Fighter
National origin France
Manufacturer Hanriot
Designer Emile Dupont
First flight June 1917
Primary users Aeronautique Militaire
Aeronautique Maritime
Number built ca. 90

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two, pilot and gunner
  • Length: 6.95 m (22 ft 91/2 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.00 m (29 ft 61/4 in)
  • Height: 3.00 m (9 ft 10 in)
  • Wing area: 25.5 m2 (274.5 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 760 kg (1,670 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1,180 kg (2,611 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Salmson 9Za nine-cylinder water-cooled radial engine, 195 kW (260 hp) each


  • Maximum speed: 192 km/h (119 mph)
  • Range: 498 km (310 miles)
  • Endurance: 2 hours
  • Service ceiling: 5,700 m (18,700 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 4.1 m/s (800 ft/min)


  • 2 × fixed, forward-firing .303 Vickers machine guns
  • 2 × trainable, rearward-firing .303 Lewis guns

End notes