Ilyushin Il-2

The Ilyushin Il-2 Shturmovik was a ground attack aircraft in the Second World War, produced by the Soviet Union in large numbers. In combination with its successor, the Ilyushin Il-10, a total of 36,163 were built, making it the single most produced military aircraft design in all of aviation history as well as the third most produced aircraft in history behind the Cessna 172 and the Polikarpov Po-2. It was a prominent aircraft for tank kills with its accuracy in diving bombing. The Il-2 aircraft played a significant combat role on the Eastern Front during World War II.

Ilyushin Il-2
Class Aircraft
Type Attack
Manufacturer Ilyushin
Origin Russia (USSR)
Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1939
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Bulgaria 1941 1954 View
Czechoslovakia View
Hungary View
Mongolia View
Poland View
Russia (USSR) 1941 1945 View
Yugoslavia (Serbia) 1941 1954 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Ilyushin 36183 View

Role Ground-attack aircraft
Manufacturer Ilyushin
First flight 2 October 1939
Introduction 1941
Retired 1954 (Yugoslavia and Bulgaria)
Primary user Soviet Air Force
Produced 1941–1945
Number built 36,183
Variants Ilyushin Il-10


General characteristics

  • Crew: Two, pilot and rear gunner
  • Length: 11.6 m (38 ft 1 in)
  • Wingspan: 14.6 m (47 ft 11 in)
  • Height: 4.2 m (13 ft 9 in)
  • Wing area: 38.5 m (414 ft)
  • Empty weight: 4,360 kg (9,610 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 6,160 kg (13,580 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 x Mikulin AM-38F liquid-cooled V-12, 1,285 kW (1,720 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 414 km/h (257 mph)
  • Range: 720 km (450 mi)
  • Service ceiling 5,500 m (18,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 10.4 m/s (2050 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 160 kg/m (31.3 lb/ft)
  • Power/mass: 0.21 kW/kg (0.13 hp/lb)

Armament

  • 2 x fixed forward-firing 23 mm VYa-23 cannons, 150 rounds/gun
  • 2 x fixed forward-firing 7.62 mm ShKAS machine guns, 750 rounds/gun
  • 1 x manually aimed 12.7 mm Berezin UBT machine gun the in rear cockpit, 150 rounds
  • Up to 600 kg (1,320 lb) of bombs and/or 4x RS-82 or RS-132 rockets

End notes