Junkers A 35

Junkers A 35 was a two-seater cantilever monoplane, used for postal, training and military purposes. The aircraft was designed in the 1920s by Junkers in Germany and manufactured at Dessau and by AB Flygindustri in Limhamn, Sweden and conversions from A 20's were made in Fili, Russia.

Junkers A 35
Class Aircraft
Type Reconnaissance
Manufacturer Junkers
Origin Germany
Country Name Origin Year
Germany 1926
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Afghanistan View
Bulgaria View
Chile View
China View
Finland View
Germany View
Hungary View
Iran (Persia) View
Russia (USSR) View
Spain View
Turkey (Ottoman Empire) View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Junkers 186 View


  • Junkers A 20 : The version manufactured in Limhamn was called R02 and the version manufactured in Fili was called Ju 20
  • Junkers A 20L : Landplane version.
  • Junkers A 20W : Floatplane version.
  • Junkers A 25 : The version manufactured in Limhamn was called R41 and the version manufactured in Fili was called Type A
  • Junkers A 35 : The militarized version manufactured in Limhamn was called K53/R53 and the version manufactured in Fili was called Type 20.

The A 35 was a development of a series of Junkers aircraft from 1918, starting with the J10/J11, the A 20, A 25, A 32, and finally the A 35. It was originally intended as a two-seat multi-purpose fighter aircraft and made its first flight in 1926. Due to the post-war restrictions, Hugo Junkers and the Soviet Government signed a contract about the setup of an aircraft facility at Fili in Russia in December 1922.

In 1926, the first Junkers L5 engines were mounted on the Junkers A 20s. With some further tail modifications the new aircraft was designated as A 35. A total of 24 aircraft were originally built as A 35s. A number of A 20s and A 25s were also modified with the Junkers L5 engine. The A 35 was also available with a BMW IV engine.

Role Postal, training and military aircraft
Manufacturer Junkers
Designer Mader and Zindel
Primary user Russian Air Force
Number built 186

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 0
  • Length: 8.21 m (26 ft 11 in)
  • Wingspan: 15.94 m (52 ft 4 in)
  • Height: 3.50 m (11 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 29.8 m² (320.2 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 1,075 kg (2,365 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb)
  • Useful load: kg (kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 1,600 kg (3,520 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Junkers L 5, 228 kW (305 hp)[8]


  • Never exceed speed: km/h (knots, mph)
  • Maximum speed: 208 km/h (112 knots, 129 mph)
  • Cruise speed: 185 km/h (100 knots, 115 mph)
  • Stall speed: km/h (knots, mph)
  • Range: km (nm, mi)
  • Service ceiling: 6,400 m (20,998 ft)
  • Rate of climb: m/s (ft/min)
  • Wing loading: kg/m² (lb/ft²)
  • Power/mass: W/kg (hp/lb)


  • Twin 7,7mm Vickers in nose, twin flexible 7,7mm Lewis in Scarff ring in rear cockpit. Provision for four 50 kg bombs under wings.

End notes