Morane-Saulnier N

The Morane-Saulnier N, also known as the Morane-Saulnier Type N, was a French monoplane fighter aircraft of the First World War. Designed and manufactured by Morane-Saulnier, the Type N entered service in April 1915 with the Aéronautique Militaire designated as the MS.5C.1. It also equipped four squadrons of the Royal Flying Corps, in which it was designated the Bullet, and was operated in limited numbers by the 19th Squadron of the Imperial Russian Air Force.

Morane-Saulnier N
Class Aircraft
Type Fighter
Manufacturer Morane-Saulnier
Origin France
Country Name Origin Year
France 1914
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
France 1915 View
Russia (USSR) View
Ukraine View
United Kingdom - UK (Great Britain) View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Morane-Saulnier 49 View

While the Type N was a graceful-looking aircraft and utilised an advanced, aerodynamic design, it was not easy to fly due to its stiff controls (using wing warping instead of ailerons) and high landing speed. The Type N mounted a single unsynchronized forward-firing machine gun (either a .303-in Vickers or 7.9 mm Hotchkiss) which used the deflector wedges, first demonstrated on the Morane-Saulnier Type L, in order to fire through the propeller arc.

A large metal "casserolle" spinner designed to streamline the aircraft caused the engines to overheat because the spinner deflected air away from the engine. In 1915, the spinner was removed from the design and no more overheating problems were found. The removal of the spinner caused very little loss in performance.

The Type N was not particularly successful. Only 49 aircraft were built and it was quickly rendered obsolete by the pace of aircraft development.


  • Morane-Saulnier Type N : Single-seat fighter-scout monoplane.
  • Morane-Saulnier Type Nm : The Type Nm had a modified tail unit. Built in small numbers.
  • Morane-Saulnier I : more powerful version with 110 Le Rhône 9J.
  • Morane-Saulnier V : Longer range version of I. 

Role fighter
Manufacturer Aéroplanes Morane-Saulnier
First flight 22 July 1914
Introduction 1915
Primary users Aéronautique Militaire
Royal Flying Corps
Imperial Russian Air Service
Number built 49

General characteristics

  • Crew: One (pilot)
  • Length: 5.83 m (19 ft 1½ in)
  • Wingspan: 8.15 m (26 ft 8? in)
  • Height: 2.25 m (7 ft 4½ in)
  • Wing area: 11 m² (118.4 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 288 kg (633 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 444 kg (976 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Le Rhône 9C air-cooled rotary engine, 60 kW (80 hp)


  • Maximum speed: 144 km/h (90 mph) at ground level
  • Service ceiling: 4,000 m [2] (13,123 ft)
  • Endurance: 1 hr 30 min
  • Climb to 2,000 m (6,560 ft): 10 min


  • Guns: 1 x .303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers machine gun or .31 in (7.9 mm) Hotchkiss

End notes