Morane-Saulnier Type N

The Morane-Saulnier N, also known as the Morane-Saulnier Type N, was a French monoplane fighter aircraft of the First World War. Designed and manufactured by Morane-Saulnier, the Type N entered service in April 1915 with the Aéronautique Militaire designated as the MS.5 C.1. It also equipped four squadrons of the Royal Flying Corps, in which it was nicknamed the Bullet, and was operated in limited numbers by the 19th Squadron of the Imperial Russian Air Force.

Morane-Saulnier Type N
Class Aircraft
Type Fighter
Manufacturer Morane-Saulnier
Origin France
Country Name Origin Year
France 1914
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
France 1915 1916 View
Russia (USSR) View
Ukraine View
United Kingdom - UK (Great Britain) View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Morane-Saulnier 49 View

While the Type N was a clean, streamlined aircraft, it was not easy to fly due to a combination of stiff lateral control caused by using wing warping instead of ailerons, sensitive pitch and yaw controls caused by using an all flying tail, and very high landing speed for the period. The Type N mounted a single unsynchronized forward-firing 7.9 mm Hotchkiss machine gun which used the deflector wedges first used on the Morane-Saulnier Type L, in order to fire through the propeller arc. The later I and V types used a .303-in Vickers machine gun.

A large metal "casserolle" spinner was designed to streamline the aircraft but caused the engines to overheat. In 1915, the spinners were removed and the overheating problems disappeared with little loss in performance.

49 aircraft were built but it was quickly rendered obsolete by the pace of aircraft development.

Variants

  • Morane-Saulnier Type N : Single-seat fighter-scout monoplane.
  • Morane-Saulnier Type Nm : The Type Nm had a modified tail unit. Built in small numbers.
  • Morane-Saulnier I : more powerful version with 110 Le Rhône 9J.
  • Morane-Saulnier V : Longer range version of I. 

Role Fighter
Manufacturer Vickers Limited
Designer A.R. Low
First flight 17 July 1914
Introduction 5 February 1915
Retired 1916
Primary users Royal Flying Corps
Aéronautique Militaire
Number built 224


General characteristics

  • Crew: One (pilot)
  • Length: 5.83 m (19 ft 1 in)
  • Wingspan: 8.15 m (26 ft 8 in)
  • Height: 2.25 m (7 ft 4 in)
  • Wing area: 11 m (118.4 ft)
  • Empty weight: 118 kg (633 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 444 kg (976 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 x Le Rhone 9C air-cooled rotary engine, 60 kW (80 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 144 km/h (90 mph) at ground level
  • Service ceiling 4,000 m (13,123 ft)
  • Endurance: 1 hr 30 min
  • Climb to 2,000 m (6,560 ft): 10 min

Armament

  • Guns: 1 x .303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers machine gun or .31 in (7.9 mm) Hotchkiss

End notes