Nieuport 24

The Nieuport 24 was a French biplane fighter aircraft during World War I designed by Gustave Delage as a replacement for the successful Nieuport 17. In the event its performance was little better than the type it was meant to replace, which was largely superseded by the SPAD S.7 instead. Operational Nieuport 24s served with French, British and Russian units, and the type also served widely as an advanced trainer.

Nieuport 24
Class Aircraft
Type Fighter
Manufacturer Nieuport
Origin France
Country Name Origin Year
France 1916
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Afghanistan View
Brazil View
Estonia View
France 1917 1919 View
Greece View
Japan View
Latvia View
Poland View
Romania View
Russia (USSR) View
Thailand (Siam) View
Turkey (Ottoman Empire) View
United Kingdom - UK (Great Britain) View
United States of America View
Yugoslavia (Serbia) View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Nieuport 262 View

The Nieuport 24 introduced a new fuselage of improved aerodynamic form, rounded wingtips, and a tail unit incorporating a small fixed fin and a curved rudder. The tailskid was sprung internally and had a neater appearance than that on earlier Nieuports. A 130 hp Le Rhône rotary engine was fitted.

There were initial structural problems with the new tail, and most production aircraft of the type were of the Nieuport 24bis model, which retained the fuselage and wings of the 24, but reverted to the Nieuport 17 type tailplane, tailskid and rectangular balanced rudder. The new tail was finally standardised on the Nieuport 27.

A batch of Nieuport 24bis were built in England for the Royal Naval Air Service.

The standard armament of the Nieuport 17 (a synchronised Vickers in French service - a Lewis gun on a Foster mounting on the top wing in British service) was retained to save weight and retain a good performance, although many 24s were used as advanced trainers and normally flown without guns.

In the summer of 1917, when the Nieuport 24 and 24bis. were coming off the production line, most French fighter squadrons were replacing their Nieuport 17s with SPAD S.VIIs – and many of the new fighters went to fighter training schools, and to France’s allies, including the Russians, and the British, who used theirs well into 1918, due to a shortage of S.E.5as. A few French units retained the Nieuport through late 1917 – the type was actually preferred by some pilots, especially the famous Charles Nungesser.

Some of the large number of Nieuport advanced trainers bought by the Americans for their flying schools in France in November 1917 were 24s or 24bis.

General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Length: 5.88 m (19 ft 3 in)
  • Wingspan: 8.18 m (26 ft 10 in)
  • Height: 2.44 m (8 ft)
  • Empty weight: 354 kg (782 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 544 kg (1,200 lb)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 187 km/h (116 mph)
  • Service ceiling 5,550 m (18,200 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 22 min to 5,000 m (16,400 ft)

Armament

  • (French service) 1x synchronised Vickers machine gun
  • (British service) 1x Lewis gun on Foster mounting on upper wing

End notes