Renard R.36

The Renard R.36 was a Belgian all-metal fighter aircraft designed to replace the Fairey Firefly II within the Belgian Air Force. Designed to improve on the Renard Epervier, which was never adopted by the Belgian government, the prototype R.36 first flew on 5 November 1937. Following testing the R.36 was approved by the Belgian Air Force in late 1938, with 40 aircraft provisionally ordered, to be delivered in two years. However, on 17 January 1939 the prototype, OO-ARW, crashed near Nivelles, killing pilot Lt. Visconte Eric de Spoelberg. The official investigation was inconclusive, no evidence of material failure being discovered, with the most probable causes being radio equipment coming loose during a high-G manoeuver, jamming the controls, or the pilot becoming incapacitated. The airframe had accumulated 75:30 hours flight time. The order was then dropped in favour of licence production of the Hawker Hurricane by SABCA.

Renard R.36
Class Aircraft
Type Fighter
Manufacturer Renard Constructions Aéronautiques
Origin Belgium
Country Name Origin Year
Belgium 1937
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Belgium View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Renard Constructions Aéronautiques 3 View

Role Fighter
Manufacturer Renard
Designer Alfred Renard
First flight 5 November 1937

General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Length: 8.80m (28 ft 10½ in)
  • Wingspan: 11.64 m (38 ft 2¼ in)
  • Height: 2.90m (9 ft 6? in)
  • Wing area: 20.00m² (215.28 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 1,770 kg (3,902 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 2,470 kg (5,445 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × 910hp Hispano-Suiza 12Ycrs 12-cylinder Vee-type liquid cooled, 678 kW (910 hp)


  • Maximum speed: 515 km/h (320 mph)
  • Range: 1000 km (620 miles)
  • Time to 4,000m: 4.93 minutes


  • Guns: 1 x engine mounted 20-mm cannon, 4 x wing-mounted 7.7m machine guns

End notes