Rumpler 6B

The Rumpler 6B was a German single-engine floatplane fighter with a biplane wing structure, designed and built by Rumpler Flugzeugwerke, in Berlin Johannisthal and introduced in 1916.

Rumpler 6B
Class Aircraft
Type Fighter
Manufacturer Rumpler
Production Period 1916 - 1918
Origin Germany
Country Name Origin Year
Germany 1916
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Bulgaria View
Finland View
Germany 1916 1920 View
Netherlands View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Rumpler 1916 1918 88 View

Born out of a requirement of the Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy) for a seaplane fighter, the Rumpler 6B was, like its contemporaries the Albatros W.4 and Hansa-Brandenburg W.9, an adaptation of an existing landplane design. In Rumpler's case the new floatplane fighter was based on the company's two-seat C.I reconnaissance aircraft. The modifications included adding a forward stagger to the wings, removal of the second (observer's) cockpit and fitting a larger rudder to offset the increased side area caused by the addition of floats. In the production aircraft, the area of the horizontal tail surfaces was also slightly reduced. The armament consisted of a fixed, forward-firing 7.92 mm (.312 in) LMG 08/15 "Spandau" machine gun mounted on port side of the engine block.

The initial version of the fighter was the 6B-1. A total of 39 of these were produced, with all but one of the number having been delivered by the end of May 1917. A new version of the basic design, the 6B-2, was introduced in October 1917. These aircraft retained the Mercedes D.III engine, but otherwise they were based on the C.IV, with larger dimensions and more rounded horizontal tail surfaces. In spite of the decrease in performance, 49 of this type were delivered between October 1917 and January 1918, during which time the remaining 6B-1 also left the factory.

The Rumpler 6Bs were mostly employed at German seaplane bases at Ostend and Zeebrugge. Some were also sent to the Black Sea area to fight the Russians.

Use in Bulgaria

The two 6B1 naval fighters stationed at the German Naval Air Station Peynerdjik near Varna on the Black Sea were transferred in June 1918 to the Bulgarian Navy. They were used after the war in minesweeping operations. In 1920, they were destroyed in accordance with the clauses of the Peace Treaty. 

Use in Finland

In February 1918, the Finnish White Army ordered one Rumpler and seven other aircraft from Germany. The aircraft was destroyed in an accident in 1918. Another Rumpler aircraft was bought from the Germans in Tallinn in 1918 and it was used for seven years.

Role Floatplane fighter
Manufacturer Rumpler Flugzeugwerke
First flight 1916
Introduction 1916
Retired 1920s
Primary users German Imperial Navy
Finnish Air Force
Produced 1916–1918
Number built 88
Developed from Rumpler C.I


General characteristics

  • Crew: One, pilot
  • Length: 9.40 m (30 ft 10 in)
  • Wingspan: 12.05 m (39 ft 6 in)
  • Height: 11ft (6in)
  • Wing area: 36.00 m² (387.5 ft²)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 1,140 kg (2,513 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D.III 6-cylinder, liquid cooled inline engine, 120 kW (160 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 153 km/h (83 kn, 95 mph)
  • Range: 4 hours (of flying time)
  • Service ceiling: 5,000 m (16,400 ft)

Armament

  • 1 × fixed, forward-firing 7.92 mm (.312 in) LMG 08/15 with an interruptor gear

End notes