Shenyang J-5

The Shenyang J-5 (Chinese: ?-5) originally designated Dongfeng-101 - (East Wind-101), and also Type 56 before being designated J-5 in 1964, is a Chinese-built single-seat jet interceptor and fighter aircraft derived from the Soviet Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17. The J-5 was exported as the F-5. The aircraft's NATO reporting name is "Fresco".

The MiG-17 was license-built in China, Poland and East Germany into the 1960s, the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) obtained a number of Soviet-built MiG-17 Fresco-A day fighters, designated J-5 in the early 1950s. To introduce modern production methods to Chinese industry the PLAAF obtained plans for the MiG-17F Fresco-C day fighter in 1955, along with two completed pattern aircraft, 15 knockdown kits, and parts for ten aircraft. The first Chinese-built MiG-17F, (serialed Zhong 0101), produced by the Shenyang factory, performed its initial flight on 19 July 1956 with test pilot Wu Keming at the controls.

Plans were obtained in 1961 for the MiG-17PF interceptor and production began, as the J-5A (F-5A), shortly afterwards. At this time the Sino-Soviet split occurred, causing much disruption to industrial and technical projects, so the first J-5A did not fly until 1964, when the type was already obsolete. A total of 767 J-5s and J-5As had been built when production ended in 1969.

Somewhat more practically, the Chinese built a two-seat trainer version of the MiG-17, designated the Chengdu JJ-5 (Jianjiji Jiaolianji - Fighter Trainer - FT-5), from 1968, by combining the two-seat cockpit of the MiG-15UTI, the VK-1A engine of the J-5, and the fuselage of the J-5A. All internal armament was deleted and a single Nudelman-Richter NR-23 23 mm cannon was carried in a ventral pack. Production of the JJ-5 reached 1,061 when production ceased in 1986, with the type exported to a number of countries.

Shenyang J-5
Class Aircraft
Type Fighter
Manufacturer Shenyang Aircraft Corporation
Origin China
Country Name Origin Year
China 1956
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Albania View
Bangladesh View
Ceylon (Sri Lanka) View
China 1956 1992 View
North Korea View
Pakistan View
Somalia View
Sudan View
Tanzania View
United States of America View
Vietnam View
Zimbabwe (Rhodesia) View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Shenyang Aircraft Corporation 1820 View

The J-5 and JJ-5 saw widespread use by the PLAAF until supplanted by more capable aircraft such as the Chengdu J-7.


Role Fighter aircraft
National origin People's Republic of China
Manufacturer Shenyang Aircraft Corporation
First flight 19 July 1956
Introduction 1956
Retired 1992 (China)
Status Trainers in service
Primary users People's Liberation Army Air Force
North Korean Air Force
Pakistan Air Force (historical)
Vietnam People's Air Force(historical)
Number built 1,820+
Developed from Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17


General characteristics

  • Crew: (JJ/5 - 2) 1
  • Length: (JJ-5 - 11.5 m/37 ft 9 in)(J-5A - 11.36 m/37 ft 4 in) 11.09 m (36 ft 5 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.628 m (31 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 3.8 m (12 ft 5½ in)
  • Wing area: 22.6 m2 (790 ft2)
  • Empty weight: (JJ-5 - 4,080 kg / 8,994 lb) (J-5A - 4,151kg / 9,151 lb) n.a. kg (n.a. lb)
  • Gross weight: (JJ-5 - 6,215 kg / 13,700 lb) 6,000 kg (13,230 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Wopen WP-5, (JJ-5(WP-5D) - 22.27 kN/5,000 lbf) 25.5 kN (5,730 lbf) thrust dry, 33.8 kN (7,452 lbf) with afterburner

Performance

  • Maximum speed: @ 5,000 m (JJ-5 - 1,048 km/h / 651 mph)(J-5A - 1,145 km/h/711 mph) 1,130 km/h (702 mph)
  • Range: with drop tanks @ 10,000 m (JJ-5 - 1,230 km/764 mi) (J-5A - 1,730 km/1,075 mi) 1,424 km (1,037 miles)
  • Service ceiling: (JJ-5 - 14,300 m/46,900 ft) (J-5A - 16,600 m/54,450 ft) 16,500 m (54,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: @ 5,000 m (JJ-5 - 27 m/s/5,315 ft/min) (J-5A - 65 m/s/12,800 ft/min) 65 m/s (12,795 ft/min)

Armament

  • 1 x Type 37 37 mm aircraft cannon.
  • 2 x Type 23-1 23 mm aircraft cannon.
  • (JJ-5 - 1 x Type 23-1 23 mm aircraft cannon)
  • (J-5A - 3 x Type 23-1 23 mm aircraft cannon)

End notes