Thulin K

The Thulin K was a Swedish naval fighter aircraft in the 1910s. It was operated by both the Swedish and Dutch armed forces.


Thulin K
Class Aircraft
Type Fighter
Manufacturer AB Thulinverken
Origin Sweden
Country Name Origin Year
Sweden 1917
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Netherlands View
Sweden 1917 1920 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
AB Thulinverken 17 View

Dr. Enoch Thulin, of AB Thulinverken, designed the Thulin K in December 1916. It was a shoulder-wing monoplane of wooden construction employing wing warping for lateral control. Powered by a 90 hp Thulin A Gnôme derived rotary engine, it could be configured as a single seat or tandem seat aircraft.

Variants

  • Thulin K : Single-seat production variant, two built for Flygcompaniet and twelve for the Dutch Navy.
  • Thulin KA : Two-seat version for the Royal Netherlands Navy, three built.

After initial flights in early 1917, the Swedish Army purchased two of the single seat K versions. However, it was more successful as an export plane; the Royal Netherlands Navy bought twelve Ks between 1917 and 1918 and three Thulin KAs. Both types were delivered without armament but the Dutch Navy fitted theirs with machine guns firing through the propeller arc and also experimented with 20 mm Madson cannons.

The aircraft's performance was good - Thulin himself broke the Swedish altitude record in it in 1919. However, on 14 May 1919 Thulin's own Thulin K lost an aileron in a steep dive, crashing and killing him. The rest of the Thulin Ks were written off in 1920 and the Thulin KAs were withdrawn in 1922.

Role Single- or two-seat fighter
National origin Sweden
Manufacturer AB Thulinverken
Designer Enoch Thulin
First flight 1917
Introduction 1917
Retired 1920
Primary user Royal Netherlands Navy
Number built 17


General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 6.50 m (21 ft 4 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.10 m (29 ft 10¼ in)
  • Height: 2.55 m (8 ft 4 in)
  • Wing area: 14.00 m2 (150.7 ft2)
  • Gross weight: 520 kg (1,146 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Thulin A rotary engine, 67 kW (90 hp) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 150 km/h (93 at sea level mph)
  • Service ceiling: 5,485 m (18,000 ft)

Armament

  • 1 x synchronised machine gun
  • 1 x 20 mm Madsen cannon

End notes