VL Pyorremyrsky

The VL Pyörremyrsky (Hurricane) was a Finnish fighter, designed by DI Torsti Verkkola at the State Aircraft Factory (Valtion lentokonetehdas) for service with the Finnish Air Force in World War II. The war ended before the type's first flight and only a prototype was built.

VL Pyorremyrsky
Class Aircraft
Type Fighter
Manufacturer Valtion lentokonetehdas
Origin Finland
Country Name Origin Year
Finland 1945
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Finland 1945 1947 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Valtion lentokonetehdas 1 View

On November 26, 1942 the Finnish Air Force ordered two Pyörremyrsky prototypes to be built. The aircraft were to be ready by May 1944. One prototype was later cancelled and only one aircraft was ever built. The aircraft designation VMT Pyörremyrsky is also sometimes used, as the factory had been formed into the State Metal Factories (Valtion Metallitehtaat) during the construction of the aircraft.

The use of wood in the construction of the aircraft was maximised due to the sparseness of metals. The goal was to create a fighter with similar flight qualities to the German Messerschmitt Bf 109G. The engine and the propeller were taken from the Bf 109G. The landing gear was significantly widened in order to address one of the German fighter's most noteworthy shortcomings. This significantly eased ground control, as well as take off and landing.

The Pyörremyrsky prototype PM-1 made its first flight on November 21, 1945 at Härmälä, piloted by Esko Halme. After 25 minutes of flying, a piece from the hood fell off and Halme had to land when fumes from the engine started to enter the cockpit. The pilot was saved by his oxygen mask. The aircraft was to fly only three test flights in Tampere, the third time being a transfer flight to Kuorevesi on January 16, 1946. There it flew an additional 31 test flights, the total flight time being 27 hours by 1947. The aircraft was flown by eight pilots: Esko Halme, Lauri Hämäläinen, Erkki Itävuori, Osmo Kauppinen, Lasse Heikinaro, Martti Laitinen, Heikki Keso and Lauri Lautamäki. The last flight lasted only 20 minutes and was made by captain Osmo Kauppinen on July 22, 1947.

The Pyörremyrsky design was considered quite successful. It could outclimb the Bf 109G-6 and it was very manoeuvrable. The only major problem with the design was found to be the low-quality glue used in the joints.

The aircraft was still in the prototype stage when the war ended and this also meant that the funds allocated for the project decreased. The Pyörremyrsky prototype was grounded after only some 30 hours of flying and the programme terminated as no funds were available for the purchase of new aircraft for the Finnish Air Force and sufficient Bf 109Gs remained in service to equip the fighter force that was permitted under the Armistice terms. The PM-1 was removed from FAF lists on April 1, 1953. The wing construction was later used in another Finnish aircraft, the Valmet Vihuri trainer.

Role Prototype fighter
Manufacturer Valtion lentokonetehdas
First flight November 21, 1945
Retired 1947
Status Preserved at the Aviation Museum of Central Finland
Primary user Finnish Air Force
Number built 1


General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Length: 9.13 m (29 ft 11 in)
  • Wingspan: 10.38 m (34 ft 1 in)
  • Height: 3.89 m (12 ft 9 in)
  • Wing area: 19.00 m² (204.5 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 2,619 kg (5,774 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 3,310 kg (7,297 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 3,310 kg (7,300 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Daimler-Benz DB 605AC V-12, 1,100 kW (1,475 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 620 km/h (385 mph)
  • Service ceiling: 11,250 m (36,900 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 18.5 m/s (3,640 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 174 kg/ m² (35.7 lb sq ft)

Armament

  • Guns: 2 × 12.7 mm LKK/42 machine guns (proposed but not fitted to prototype)

End notes