160mm Mortar M1943

The Soviet 160 mm Mortar M1943 was a smoothbore breech loading heavy mortar which fired a 160 mm bomb. The M1943 (also called the MT-13) was the heaviest mortar used by Soviet troops in World War II. Around 535 of these weapons were fielded with Soviet forces during the war. It was replaced in Soviet service after World War II by the M-160 mortar of the same caliber.


Originally a simple scaling-up of the 120 mm M1938 mortar, it soon became apparent that drop-loading a 40 kg bomb into a 3 meter high tube would be too difficult for any man to do. It was redesigned into a breech loading weapon, and contains a substantial recoil system to soak up the massive shock of firing a 160 mm bomb and prevent the baseplate from burying itself too deeply.

The barrel sits in a cradle which is attached to a baseplate and tripod. To load the weapon, the barrel is hinged forward which exposes the rear end of the tube. The bomb is then loaded, retained in place by a catch, and the barrel is swung back into the cradle, which in effect closes the breech.

Because of the weight of the mortar, it is equipped with wheels and is designed to be towed by a motor-driven vehicle.

Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1943
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Albania View
Bulgaria View
Czechoslovakia View
Egypt View
Georgia View
Mali View
Mongolia View
Poland View
Romania View
Russia (USSR) View
Syria View
Vietnam View

Type Mortar
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
Wars Nepalese civil war
World War II
Weight combat: 1,170 kg (2,580 lb)
Barrel length 3.03 m (9 ft 11 in)
Shell 40.8 kg (90 lb) bomb
Caliber 160 mm (6.29 in)
Elevation +45° to +80°
Traverse 25°
Rate of fire 10 rounds/minute
Muzzle velocity 245 m/s (804 ft/s)
Effective firing range 5,150 m (5,630 yd)

End notes