21 cm Nebelwerfer 42

The 21 cm Nebelwerfer 42 (21 cm NbW 42) was a German multiple rocket launcher used in the Second World War. It served with units of the Nebeltruppen, the German equivalent of the American Chemical Corps. Just as the Chemical Corps had responsibility for poison gas and smoke weapons that were used instead to deliver high-explosives during the war so did the Nebeltruppen. The name "Nebelwerfer" is best translated as "smoke-thrower". It saw service from 1942–45 in all theaters except Norway. It was adapted for aerial combat by the Luftwaffe in 1943.

21 cm Nebelwerfer 42
Class Manportable
Type Rocket Launcher
Manufacturer Donauwörth Machine Factory
Origin Germany
Country Name Origin Year
Germany 1942
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Germany 1942 1945 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Donauwörth Machine Factory 2626 View

Type Rocket artillery
Place of origin Nazi Germany
Service history
In service 1942–45
Used by Nazi Germany
Wars World War II
Production history
Manufacturer Donauwörth Machine Factory
Number built 2626
Specifications
Weight 550 kilograms (1,210 lb) (empty)
Barrel length 1.3 metres (51 in)
Crew 4
Shell weight 112.6 kilograms (248 lb)
Caliber 21 centimetres (8.3 in)
Barrels 5
Carriage split trail
Elevation -5° to +45°
Traverse 24°
Muzzle velocity 320 metres per second (1,000 ft/s)
Maximum firing range 7,850 metres (8,580 yd)
Filling HE

End notes