AA-52 machine gun

The AA-52 (Arme Automatique Transformable Modle 1952, \"Transformable automatic weapon model 1952\") is one of the first French produced guns of the post World War II era.The weapon is still used today as a vehicle-mounted weapon due to large quantities in service but has been replaced by the Belgian FN MAG for helicopter use starting with the EC 275 Caracal of the Special Operations units and the Air Force Search and Rescue teams. The AA52 had been phased out for infantry use in favour of the lighter FN MINIMI for a few years, the replacement by the FN MAG as thier GPMG is now taking place as of June 2008.The AA-52 machine gun was conceived and developed following the French military\'s experiences in Indochina during the early 1950s. At that time, the French army was equipped with an assortment of weapons from English and American arsenals, as well as some German weapons from the Second World War.Effective supply of ammunition and replacement parts was an almost insoluble task and the army decided to adopt a standard machine gun. The result was the AA-52, conceived for easy production. The construction was of simple welded stamped sheet steel.The AA-52 is a peculiar weapon among modern machine guns by its blowback system of operation. The AA-52 uses Lever-delayed blowback. When firing, the pressure pushing the case head rearward initiates an impulse on a cam that send the bolt carrier rearward. after a certain distance, a link (in this case the firing pin) pulls the bolt head hence extracting the spent case. Since there is no primary extraction, the chamber is fluted to allow powder gases to flow back, unsticking the case from the wall chamber like on H&K type Roller-delayed blowback weapons.The AA-52 can be used as a LMG with a bipod or HMG with a tripod. When used with a tripod for continuous fire, the gun is fitted with a heavier barrel. In the LMG configuration, the AA-52 is a relatively light weapon to carry. To change the barrel, it is simply necessary to press a latch and rotate 1/4 turn.

AA-52 machine gun
Class Manportable
Type Machine Guns
Manufacturer Manufacture d'armes de Saint-Étienne
Origin France
Country Name Origin Year
France 1952
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
France View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Manufacture d'armes de Saint-Étienne View
Type General-purpose machine gun
Place of origin  France
Service history
In service 1952–present
Wars First Indochina War
Algerian war
Suez Crisis
Gulf War
Bosnian War
War in Afghanistan
2011 Libyan uprising[1]
Operation Serval
Production history
Designed 1952
Manufacturer Manufacture d'armes de Saint-Étienne (MAS)
Variants NF-1
M.A.C. 58
Weight 9.970 kg
Length 1080 mm
Barrel length 600 mm
Cartridge 7.5×54mm French
7.62×51mm NATO
Calibre 7.5 mm
7.62 mm
Action Lever-delayed blowback
Rate of fire 900 round/min
Muzzle velocity 830 m/s
Effective firing range 600 metres
Maximum firing range 3,200 metres
Feed system Belt
Sights Iron
Removable APX (SOM) telescopic sights
IR scope

End notes