The AK-105 is a shortened carbine version of the AK-74M rifle, which in turn was derived from the original AK-47 design and its AK-74 successor. The AK-102, AK-104, and AK-105 are very similar in design, the only difference being the caliber and corresponding magazine type. The AK-105 is chambered to fire 5.45×39mm ammunition. The AK-105 is supplementing AKS-74U carbines in Russian Army service since 2001.

Compared to the AK-74M, AK-101, and AK-103, which are full-size assault rifles of similar design, the AK-102, 104, and 105 feature shortened barrels that make them a middle ground between a full rifle and the more compact AKS-74U. However, the AK-105 also features a solid, side-folding polymer stock, unlike the shorter, skeleton-stocked AKS-74U. The AK-105 uses an adjustable notched rear tangent iron sight calibrated in 100 m (109 yd) increments from 100 to 500 m (109 to 547 yd). The front sight is a post adjustable for elevation in the field. Horizontal adjustment is done by the armory before issue. The AK-105 has a muzzle booster derived from the AKS-74U.

Protective coatings ensure excellent corrosion resistance of metal parts. Forearm, magazine, butt stock and pistol grip are made of high strength plastic. The weapon is equipped with a flash hider.

The 100-series AKs are produced by the Izhmash factories in Izhevsk, Russia.

Class Manportable
Type Rifles
Manufacturer Mikhail Kalashnikov
Origin Russia (USSR)
Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 2001
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Armenia View
Russia (USSR) 2001 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Mikhail Kalashnikov 1994 View

Type Carbine
Place of origin Russia
Service history
In service 2001
Production history
Designer Mikhail Kalashnikov
Designed 1994
Manufacturer Izhmash
Produced 1994
Variants AK-102, AK-104
Weight 3.2 kg (7.1 lb) with empty magazine
Length 824 mm (32.4 in) with stock extended / 586 mm (23.1 in) with stock folded
Barrel length 314 mm (12.4 in)
Cartridge 5.45×39mm
Caliber 5.45mm
Action Gas-actuated, rotating bolt
Rate of fire 600 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity 840 m/s (2,800 ft/s)
Effective firing range 500 m (550 yd)
Feed system 30-round detachable boxmagazine
Sights Adjustable iron sights, equipped with dove-tail side rail for attaching various optical and night sights

End notes