Benelli M4 Super 90

The M4 Super 90 is an Italian-developed and made shotgun manufactured by Benelli Armi S.P.A.On May 4, 1998, the U.S. Army Armaments Research, Development and Engineering Center (ARDEC) at Picatinny Arsenal, NJ issued requested submissions for a new 12 gauge, semi-automatic combat shotgun for the US Armed Services. In response to the request, Benelli Armi S.P.A. of Urbino, Italy designed and built the Benelli M4 Super 90 Combat Shotgun. On the 4th of August, 1998, five samples of the M4 were delivered to Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland for testing. After intense testing, the Benelli M4 beat the competition. In early 1999, the U. S. Army ARDEC awarded the M1014 Joint Service Combat Shotgun contract to Beretta USA Inc. for importation of the Benelli M4 Combat Shotgun. The first units (count of 20,000) were delivered to the US Marine Corps in 1999.The M4 was the first gas-operated shotgun produced by Benelli. Its function is designed around an entirely new method called the \"auto regulating gas operated\" (ARGO) system. The design uses two stainless-steel self-cleaning pistons located just ahead of the chamber to function opposite the rotating bolt, thereby eliminating the need for the complex mechanisms found on other gas-actuated automatics. It is also self-regulating for cartridges of varying length and power levels. It can fire 2.75 and 3 inch shells of differing power-levels without any operator adjustments and in any combination. Low-power rounds, such as less-lethal rubber pellets, must be cycled manually. The sights are military-style ghost ring and are adjustable in the field using only a cartridge rim. The accessory rail on top allows use of both conventional and night-vision sights, while retaining use of the original sights.

Benelli M4 Super 90
Class Manportable
Type Rifles
Manufacturer Benelli
Origin Italy
Country Name Origin Year
Italy 1998
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Italy View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Benelli View

On May 4, 1998, the United States Army's Armaments Research, Development and Engineering Center (ARDEC) at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey issued Solicitation #DAAE30-98-R-0401, requesting submissions for a new 12 gauge, semi-automatic combat shotgun for the U.S. military. In response to the request, Benelli Armi SpA of Urbino, Italy designed and built the Benelli M4 Super 90 Combat Shotgun. On August 4, 1998, five samples of the M4 were delivered to Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, and after intense testing, the M4 had beaten the competition. In early 1999, ARDEC awarded the M1014 Joint Service Combat Shotgun contract to Heckler & Koch, American subsidiary for importation of the Benelli M4 Combat Shotgun. The first units (count of 20,000) were delivered to the United States Marine Corps in 1999. During testing, the prototype was named XM1014, but after adoption, the 'X' was dropped, and the weapon was officially designated the M1014.

The M4 was the first gas-operated shotgun produced by Benelli. Its function is designed around an entirely new method called the "auto regulating gas operated" (ARGO) system. The short-stroke design uses two stainless-steel self-cleaning pistons located just ahead of the chamber to function opposite the rotating bolt, thereby eliminating the need for the complex mechanisms found on other gas-actuated automatics. The ARGO incorporates only four parts: two symmetrical shrouds containing two small steel gas pistons.

Additionally, the weapon is self-regulating for use with cartridges of varying length and power levels. It can fire 2.75 (70 mm) and 3-inch (76 mm) shells of differing power-levels without any operator adjustments and in any combination. Low-power rounds, such as less-lethal rubber pellets, must be cycled manually.

The sights are military-style ghost ring and are adjustable in the field using only a cartridge rim. The MIL-STD-1913 Picatinny sight rail on top allows use of both conventional and night-vision sights, while retaining use of the original sights.

U.S. Marines armed with an M1014 shotgun raid a suspected enemy bomb factory in Fallujah, Iraq in May 2006.

The modular basis of the shotgun means many of its features can be reconfigured as needed. It allows a user to quickly exchange the various assembly groups (barrel, buttstock, forearm, etc...) without the use of tools.

Type Semi-automatic shotgun
Place of origin Italy
Service history
Used by Australia
Bahrain
Brazil
Croatia
Georgia
Greece
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Libya
Lithuania
Malaysia
Malta
Moldova
Philippines
Slovakia
Slovenia
South Korea
United Kingdom
United States of America
Wars Iraq War, War in Afghanistan,Syrian civil war
Production history
Designer Benelli Armi SPA
Designed 1998
Manufacturer Benelli Armi SPA
Produced 1999-Present
Specifications
Weight 3.82 kg (8.42 lb)
Length 885 mm (34.8 in)
Barrel length 470 mm (18.5 in)
Caliber 12 gauge
Action Gas-operated, rotating bolt
Effective firing range 55 yards (50.2 m), (164 ft)
Feed system 5+1 (civilian) or 7+1 (Military, LE) internal tube (Using 2.75 shells) magazine
Sights Ghost ring sight, Picatinny railfor sights

End notes