Breda 30

The Breda M30 or Breda 30, was rather unusual for a light machine gun. It was fed from a fixed magazine attached to the right side of the weapon and was loaded using brass or steel 20-round stripper clips. If the magazine or its hinge/latch were damaged the weapon became unusable. It also fired from a closed bolt along with using blowback for its action. The blowback operation was violent, and often resulted in poor primary extraction. During primary extraction, the initial very small rearward movement of the hot expanded cartridge case away from the chamber's walls must be powerful but very slow, if an automatic weapon is to be reliable. Separated cases resulting in jamming of the weapon beyond field clearing, were usually the consequence of poor primary extraction. Breda 30 also inherently lacked good primary extraction in its design and thus utilized a small lubrication device that oiled each cartridge as it entered the chamber. With the dust and sand of the deserts of North Africa, came a combination of premature wear and jamming.

Breda 30
Class Manportable
Type Machine Guns
Manufacturer Breda Meccanica Bresciana
Production Period 1930 - 1945
Origin Italy
Country Name Origin Year
Italy 1930
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Ethiopia 1935 1936 View
Italy 1939 1945 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Breda Meccanica Bresciana 1930 1945 30000 View

Type Light machine gun
Place of origin Kingdom of Italy
Service history
In service 1930–1945
Used by Kingdom of Italy

Nazi Germany


Wars Second Italo-Abyssinian War

World War II
Production history
Designed 1930
Manufacturer Breda Meccanica Bresciana
Produced 1930–1945
Number built 30,000 by 1940
Variants Breda M37 (cal. 7.35 mm)
Weight 10.6 kg
Length 1230 mm
Barrel length 450 mm
Cartridge 6.5×52mm Mannlicher–Carcano
Action blowback
Rate of fire ~500 round/min
Muzzle velocity 630 m/s (2,066.4 ft/s)
Effective firing range 800 m (874.9 yd)
Maximum firing range 3000 m
Feed system stripper clips of 20 rounds

End notes