CZ 82

The Česká zbrojovka Vz. 82 is a compact semi-automatic pistol made for the Czechoslovakian military. "Vz" is an abbreviation for "vzor", which translates to "model." A civilian export version is called the CZ 83.

Manufactured by the Czechoslovak firm Česká zbrojovka the vz. 82 replaced the 7.62x25mm Tokarev vz. 52 pistol in Czechoslovak military service in 1983. It is a compact, double-action, semi-automatic pistol with a conventional blowback action. This type of action allows the barrel to remain solidly fixed to the frame, resulting in improved accuracy over pistols with pivoting barrels (like the U.S. M1911 series). The low bore axis of the vz. 82 provides for less muzzle rise and quicker follow-up shots. For added convenience, both the frame-mounted thumb safety and the magazine release are ambidextrous. The vz. 82 was the first service pistol to feature both these features. The bore is chrome plated, which gives it three advantages: longer barrel life, resistance to rust from the use of corrosive ammunition, and ease of cleaning. Another feature of this pistol is the use of polygonal rifling in the barrel bore. This replaces the traditional lands and grooves rifling design with a rounded, smooth polygonal pattern which has a more "hills and valleys" appearance.

Country Name Origin Year
Czechoslovakia 1983
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Czechoslovakia 1983 1993 View
Slovakia 1993 View
Czech Republic 1993 View

Type Semi-automatic pistol
Place of origin  Czechoslovakia
Service history
In service 1983-1993 (Czechoslovakia, since 1993 Czech Republic,Slovak Republic)
Production history
Designer Augustin Necas
Designed 1982
Variants CZ-83 (civilian version)
Weight 800 g (28 oz) empty (9x18 mm Makarov/.380 ACP)
920 g (32 oz) loaded (9x18 mm Makarov/.380 ACP)
750 g (26 oz) empty (.32 ACP)
Length 172 mm (6.8 in)
Barrel length 97 mm (3.8 in)
Width 36 mm (1.4 in)
Height 127 mm (5.0 in)
Cartridge 9×18mm Makarov (82 & 83),.380 ACP (83 only), .32 ACP(83 only)
Action Blowback, double action
Muzzle velocity 305 m/s (1,001 ft/s)
Effective firing range 50 m (55 yards)
Feed system 12-rd, staggered-column, detachable box magazine(9×18mm Makarov/.380 ACP)
15-rd, staggered-column, detachable box magazine (.32 ACP)
Sights fixed front blade; rear drift-adjustable for windage

End notes