Cristóbal Carbine

The .30 Kiraly-Cristóbal Carbine, also known as the San Cristóbal or Cristóbal Automatic Rifle was manufactured by the Dominican Republic’s Armería San Cristóbal Weapon Factory.

Although called a carbine, the gun may be termed a submachine gun since it is identical to the Hungarian Danuvia 43M submachine gun. Both weapons were designed by Hungarian engineer Pál Király, who came to the Dominican Republic as an expatriate in 1948. The gun's name is a reference to the San Cristóbal Province, which is the birthplace of the late Dominican dictator, Generalissimo Rafael Trujillo. The Dominican Republic's military was the main user of this weapon although it was also exported to Cuba prior to the Cuban Revolution.

The Cristóbal had a wooden stock, 30-round bottom-mounted box magazine, and tubular receiver with a fixed cocking handle on the right-hand side. It used lever-delayed blowback for its operation. The original version was produced in 9×19mm Parabellum. The most typical version of the Cristóbal was made in .30 Carbine.

Over 200,000 Cristóbals were made by the Armeria San Cristóbal from 1950 to 1966. After Trujillo’s assassination on May 31, 1961, the Dominican government decided not to maintain a local military industry and production was slowly wound down. By 1990, the Cristóbal was no longer a standard Dominican firearm, but continues to be used for basic training in the Dominican Republic's military schools.

This carbine was used by Che Guevara during the Cuban Revolution.

Cristóbal Carbine
Class Manportable
Type Rifles
Manufacturer Armeria San Cristóbal
Production Period 1950 - 1966
Origin Dominican Republic
Country Name Origin Year
Dominican Republic 1950
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Dominican Republic View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Armeria San Cristóbal 1950 1966 200000 View

Type Carbine
Place of origin  Dominican Republic
Service history
Used by Cuba
Dominican Republic
Wars Cuban Revolution
Production history
Manufacturer Armería San Cristóbal Weapon Factory
Produced 1950-1966
Number built over 200,000
Weight 3.53 kg (7.8 lb) empty
4.25 kg (9.4 lb) loaded
Length 945 mm (37.2 in)
Barrel length 405 mm (15.9 in)
Cartridge .30 Carbine
Action Lever-delayed blowback
Rate of fire 580 rpm
Muzzle velocity 572 m/s (1,880 ft/s)
Feed system 30-round box magazine
Sights Iron sights, adjustable from 100-500 m

End notes