Fiat–Revelli Modello 1914

The Fiat–Revelli Modello 1914 was an Italian water-cooled medium machine gun produced from 1914 to 1918. It was the standard machine-gun of the Italian Army in the First World War, and was used in limited numbers into the Second World War.

It was very similar to the Maxim in appearance (in fact it had the same air-cooling jacket and tripod), even though its internal workings were completely different.

Some sources claim that it had a cartridge-oiling system, but the weapon manual does not mention its presence, and it seems that only a 1930 version briefly incorporated such a system. It was fed from a 50-round integral magazine divided in ten compartments, each fed from a rifle clip, an arrangement that made it rather slow to reload, prone to malfunction and very uncomfortable in sustained-fire role because of this magazine arrangement.

It was chambered for the 6.5×52mm Mannlicher–Carcano, which eased logistics (as it was the same cartridge of the Carcano rifle) but made it somewhat underpowered compared to higher-calibre weapons, weighed 17 kg (37 lb) (the tripod weighed 21.5 kg (47 lb)) and had a firing rate of 400-500 rpm (rounds-per-minute), rather low for this type of machine gun.

An interesting feature was the presence of select-fire, which allowed for the choice between single shot, "normal" fire and full automatic fire.

It was developed into the Fiat–Revelli Modello 1935.

Fiat–Revelli Modello 1914
Class Manportable
Type Machine Guns
Manufacturer Fiat
Origin Italy
Country Name Origin Year
Italy 1914
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Italy 1914 1945 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Fiat View

Type Medium machine gun
Place of origin Kingdom of Italy
Service history
In service 1914-1945
Used by Kingdom of Italy, Austria-Hungary
Wars World War I
Vlora War
Second Italo-Abyssinian War
World War II
Production history
Manufacturer Fiat
Weight 17 kg gun (without water) + 22.4 kg tripod
Length 1180 mm
Barrel length 654 mm
Cartridge 6.5×52mm Carcano
Rate of fire 400-500 rpm
Feed system 50-round magazine
Sights Iron

End notes