IMI Negev

The Negev is an Israeli 5.56 mm light machine gun, developed by Israel Military Industries Ltd. (IMI) of Ramat HaSharon, as a replacement for the 5.56 mm Galil ARM light machine gun, whose barrel would overheat easily during sustained fire. Design work on this new indigenous firearm began in 1985, and five years later the first production guns were introduced into service with the Israel Defence Forces (IDF).

IMI Negev
Class Manportable
Type Machine Guns
Manufacturer Israel Military Industries
Origin Israel
Country Name Origin Year
Israel 1995
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Egypt 2008 2009 View
Israel 2000 2005 View
Lebanon 2006 2006 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Israel Military Industries 1995 View
The Negev is a gas-operated selective fire firearm that uses propellant gases from the barrel to cycle a short-stroke gas piston operating system under the barrel and a rotary bolt locking mechanism. The bolt itself features 4 radial locking lugs that engage the barrel extension and its rotation is controlled by a pin on the bolt body, which rides inside a camming guide machined into the bolt carrier. The bolt contains a spring-powered casing extractor unit, while a lever ejector is housed inside the receiver (it is rotated by the recoiling bolt carrier).

Type Light machine gun
Medium machine gun
Place of origin Israel
Service history
In service 1997–present
Used by Azerbaijan, Colombia, Costa Rica, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Georgia, Israel, Mexico, Paraguay, Thailand, Vietnam, Ukraine
Wars Al-Aqsa Intifada

2006 Lebanon War

Gaza War

War in Donbass
Production history
Designer Israel Military Industries Ltd (IMI)
Designed 1985–1990
Manufacturer Israel Military Industries Ltd (currently Israel Weapon Industries Ltd)
Produced 1995–present
Variants Negev Commando
Weight 7.40 kg (16.31 lb) (standard version)

7.00 kg (15.43 lb) (Negev Commando)

7.60 kg (16.8 lb) (NG7)
Length 1,020 mm (40 in) stock extended / 890 mm (35.0 in) stock folded (standard version)

780 mm (30.7 in) stock deployed / 680 mm (26.8 in) stock folded (Negev Commando)
Barrel length 460 mm (18.1 in) (standard version)

330 mm (13.0 in) (Negev Commando)
Cartridge 5.56×45mm NATO, 7.62×51mm NATO(NG7 variant)
Action Gas operated, rotating bolt
Rate of fire 1000 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity 915 m/s (3,002 ft/s) (standard version)

850 m/s (2,788.7 ft/s) (Negev Commando)
Effective firing range 300–1000 m sight adjustments (standard version)

300-800 m sight adjustments (Negev Commando)
Feed system 150-round M27 ammunition belt or 35-round box magazine
Sights Aperture, with elevation drum and adjustable front post, folding tritium night sights, various optional optics via picatinny rail

End notes