Kongsberg Colt

The Kongsberg Colt is a nickname used for Colt M1911 pistols produced under license by the Norwegian factory Kongsberg Vaapenfabrikk.

Kongsberg Colt
Class Manportable
Type Handguns
Manufacturer Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace
Origin Norway
Country Name Origin Year
Norway 1914
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Germany View
Norway View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace View

Norway adopted the 7.5 mm Nagant revolver (named M/1893) as the standard Norwegian military sidearm in 1893. Commissions to test possible new service pistols were active from 1904 till 1911. In 1911, a commission recommended adoption of the semi-automatic .38 ACP caliber Colt Military Model 1902 pistol, after field trials with 25 such pistols, all purchased from Colt's London Agency. However, as the US had just adopted the Colt .45ACP M/1911 pistol it was decided to conduct further tests. A pistol of the new M/1911 design was received in Norway in January 1913. Following extensive tests through early 1914, if was finally decided, in August 1914, to adopt the Colt M/1911 pistol in Norway. These pistols were to replace the Nagant revolvers (7,5mm M/1893) as the standard military sidearm in Norway. Fabrique Nationale in Belgium signed a contract allowing Norway to manufacture the M1911 in September 1914. The pistol would be produced at Kongsberg Vaapenfabrikk in Norway.

Type Pistol
Place of origin Norway
Service history
Wars World War II
Production history
Number built 32,874
Cartridge 11.43x23mm ACP (.45 ACP)
Caliber 0.45
Action Recoil-operated, closed bolt
Rate of fire Semi-automatic
Muzzle velocity 800 ft/s (244 m/s)
Feed system 7 rounds (standard-capacity magazine), +1 in chamber

End notes