M series bayonet

The 'M' series of bayonets was initiated in 1905, and continues in use to the present. There have been several modifications to the original design, the greatest being with the introduction of the M1 subseries near the end of WWII.

M series bayonet
Class Manportable
Type Knives
Manufacturer Springfield Armory, Inc.
Origin United States of America
Country Name Origin Year
United States of America 1905
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
United States of America View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Springfield Armory, Inc. View
Rock Island Arsenal View
Wilde Drop Forge & Tool View
American Fork & Hoe View
Union Fork & Hoe View
Utica Cutlery View
Pal Blade and Tool View
Oneida Limited View


The Model of 1905 bayonet was made for the .30 caliber U.S. Rifle Model 1903. The designation Model of 1905 was changed to Model 1905 in 1917, and then to M1905 in 1925, when the Army adopted the M designation nomenclature. The M1905 bayonet blade is 16 inches (40.6 cm) long, and the handle is 4 inches (10.1 cm) long. The bayonet also fits the .30 caliber U.S. M1 Garand rifle (or simply, M1). In 1942, the same basic bayonet design (equipped with a plastic instead of a wood handle) was again produced and designated the M1942 bayonet.


The M1942 is an exact copy of the M1905 Bayonet, with the exception of a plastic, instead of wooden, handle, and was manufactured in sufficient numbers to keep up with wartime production of the .30 caliber M1, which it was intended to be used with. Again, the blade is 16 inches long with a 4 inch long handle. Interchangeability allowed the M1942 bayonet to be used on any M1903 rifle, while allowing the mounting of the earlier M1905 bayonet on the M1 Garand rifles.

Type Bayonet
Place of origin United States
Service history
Used by  United States
Wars Philippine–American War
World War I
Banana Wars
World War II
Korean War
Production history
Manufacturer Springfield Armory
Rock Island Arsenal
American Fork & Hoe
Oneida, Ltd.
Pal Blade and Tool
Utica Cutlery
Union Fork & Hoe
Wilde Drop Forge & Tool
Produced from 1905 onward
Variants M1905 bayonet
M1942 bayonet
M1 bayonet
Scabbard/sheath Model of 1905 scabbard
Model of 1910 scabbard
M3 scabbard

End notes