M1867 Russian Krnka

The M1867 Russian Krnka (Винтовка Крнка́) was a breech loading conversion of the muzzle-loading Model 1857 Six Line rifle musket designed by Czech arms maker, Sylvester Krnka. It was adopted by the Russian Empire in 1869, and was similar to the contemporary Snider-Enfield and Tabatiere conversions. Conversions were carried out at the Tula armory (TOZ).

Two main versions were produced: infantry and cavalry rifles. Shortly after its introduction to service, the M1867 was replaced by the Berdan rifle, though both weapons would serve simultaneously for a time. The rifles were issued to conscripts and police forces in the Central Asian territories, like Samarkand. After being taken out of service, many were converted into cheap shotguns.

M1867 Russian Krnka
Class Manportable
Type Rifles
Manufacturer Tula Arms Plant (Tula Arsenal)
Origin Russia (USSR)
Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1869
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Russia (USSR) 1869 1880 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Tula Arms Plant (Tula Arsenal) View

Type Side-hinged lifting Breech block
Place of origin  Russian Empire
Service history
In service 1869-1880
Used by Russian Empire
Kingdom of Bulgaria
Kingdom of Serbia
Kingdom of Montenegro
Wars Russo-Turkish War
Balkan Wars
World War I
Production history
Designer Sylvester Krnka
Designed 1867
Manufacturer Tula Arsenal
Variants Infantry, Cavalry
Weight 4.5 / 4.9 kg / (without / with bayonet)
Length 1300 / 1800 mm (without / with bayonet)
Cartridge 15.24x40mmR
Caliber 0.6
Action Lifting-Block
Rate of fire 9 rounds per minute
Maximum firing range 1200 arshins (850 m)
Feed system Single shot

End notes