MAS 1873 revolver

The service revolver model 1873 Chamelot-Delvigne was the first double-action revolver used by the French Army. It was produced by Manufacture d'armes de Saint-Étienne from 1873 to 1887 in about 337,000 copies. Although soon replaced by the Modele 1892 revolver, it was nevertheless widely used during the First World War, and issued to reserve units in 1940. The Resistance made widespread use of it during the Occupation.

The model 1874, of which 35,000 were made, was an officer version. It differs from model 1873 by a lighter structure and a darker finish. Many civilians copies were made in France and Belgium.

Both the 1873 and the 1874 use a 11mm cartridge which proved to have an insufficient velocity. The weapons themselves were very reliable and resistant.

A Navy version was also produced. A more powerful cartridge was produced for this version, but production ceased and they turned to the regular ammunition when the stocks were depleted.

MAS 1873 revolver
Class Manportable
Type Handguns
Manufacturer Manufacture d'armes de Saint-Étienne
Production Period 1873 - 1887
Origin France
Country Name Origin Year
Belgium 1873
France 1873
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Belgium 1873 1945 View
France 1873 1945 View
Greece View
Italy View
Netherlands View
Switzerland View
Monaco View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Manufacture d'armes de Saint-Étienne 1873 1887 337000 View

Type Service Revolver
Place of origin  France
 Belgium
Service history
In service 1873-1945


Wars French Colonial conflicts,
Monegasque Revolution,
First World War,
Second World War
Production history
Designer Henri-Gustave Delvigne
J. Chamelot
Manufacturer Manufacture d'armes de Saint-Étienne
Produced 1873-1887
Number built 337000
Variants MAS 1874
Specifications
Weight 1.04 kg
Length 240 mm
Barrel length 115 mm
Cartridge 11 mm Mle 1873
Caliber 11 mm
Action Double Action revolver
Rate of fire 20–30 rounds/minute
Effective firing range 50 metres
Maximum firing range 300 metres
Feed system 6-round cylinder
Sights Fixed front blade and rear notch

End notes