The MP35 (Maschinenpistole 35, literally "Machine Pistol 35") was a submachine gun (SMG) used by the Wehrmacht, Waffen-SS and German police both before and during World War II. It was developed in the early 1930s by Emil Bergmann (son of Theodor Bergmann) and manufactured at the Bergmann company in Suhl (that also built the one of the first submachine guns, the MP 18).

Class Manportable
Type Machine Guns
Manufacturer Theodor Bergmann
Production Period 1935 - 1944
Origin Germany
Country Name Origin Year
Germany 1935
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Bolivia View
Ethiopia View
Germany 1935 1945 View
Hungary View
Spain View
Sweden View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Theodor Bergmann 1935 1944 View

The forerunner of the MP35 was the MP32 that Danish company Schultz & Larsen produced (under licence from the Bergmann company) and which was chambered for 9×23mm Bergmann ammunition. The BMP32 design was later updated by the Bergmann factory and in 1934, the Bergmann MP34 submachine gun appeared (not to be confused with different Steyr MP34). The limited manufacturing capabilities at the Bergmann plant required production to be shifted to Carl Walther's Zella-Mehlis plant. This German company produced some 2,000 BMP34s for export and domestic sales.

Several variants of the BMP34 were manufactured with a 200mm standard or 320mm barrel. During 1935, a simplified version of the BMP34 designated as Bergmann MP35/I appeared. Initial production orders for MP35 were also placed at Walther, which made about 5,000 SMGs between 1936 and 1940.

With the outbreak of World War II, production once again shifted from Walter to Junker & Ruh (manufacture code 'ajf') to manufacture the MP35 weapon (which it did through to 1944). During the war, about 40,000 Bergmann submachine guns were produced by Junker, and almost all were supplied to the Waffen-SS.

It was first known as the MP32 when adopted as such by the Danish Army in caliber 9×23mm Bergmann then as the MP34 (this not the same as the MP34 made by Steyr) when it was adopted by the Belgian Army as the Mitraillette 34.

It was adopted officially as MP35 by the Wehrmacht. It saw action predominantly with SS troops.

The MP35 was exported to Bolivia, Ethiopia, Spain and Sweden (where it was designated the number M39).

Type Submachine gun
Place of origin Nazi Germany
Service history
In service 1935–1945
Used by Nazi Germany
Wars World War II
Production history
Designer Emil Bergmann
Designed 1932
Manufacturer Bergmann
Produced 1935 to 1944
Variants BMP32, Bergmann MP34
Weight Unloaded 4.24 kg (9.3 lb)
Length 840 mm (33.1 in)
Barrel length 200 mm (7.9 in)
Cartridge 9×19mm Luger Parabellum
Action open bolt blowback
Rate of fire ~540 round/min
Muzzle velocity ~365 m/s (1,198 ft/s)
Effective firing range 150–200 m (490–650 ft, 160–220 yds)
Feed system 24- or 32-round detachable box magazine
Sights Front post, notched adjustable rear

End notes