Mannlicher M1893

The Mannlicher M1893 (or M93) is a bolt-action rifle that was the standard service rifle of the Kingdom of Romania from 1893 to 1938. The rifle (and its 1892 predecessor) were the first repeating rifles to be widely issued in the Romanian military.

Mannlicher M1893
Class Manportable
Type Rifles
Manufacturer Steyr Mannlicher
Production Period 1893 - 1914
Origin Austria-Hungary
Country Name Origin Year
Austria-Hungary 1893
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Austria-Hungary 1893 1945 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Steyr Mannlicher 1893 1914 195000 View

Around the year 1890 the Romanian military started its search for a small bore, smokeless powder firearm to replace the breech-loading single-shot Peabody–Martini–Henry M1879. They turned to the nearby Österreichische Waffenfabriksgesellschaft in Steyr, Austria-Hungary where Otto Schönauer was modifing the German Gewehr 1888 rifle. After Ferdinand Mannlicher modified his en-bloc clip feeding system to allow being fed into the rifle regardless of whether the clip was turned up or down, the Model 1892 rifle was ready for testing by the Romanian Army. After some minor improvements, the final variant, the M1893 was put into production. Unlike the Austrian-issue Mannlicher M1895 straight-pull bolt-action rifle, the Romanian rifle had a conventional turn-bolt.

The rifle's adoption caused some controversy, as despite the weapon's approval by King Carol I, General Budi?teanu[spelling?] derided the Austrian rifle as un baston ("a walking stick"), and the rifle's bore, smaller than the usual Mannlicher product, caused difficulties in finding compatible gunpowder.

A carbine variant was also introduced, it was 98 centimetres (39 in) long and featured a bent bolt handle. It was used by cavalry and artillery units.

195,000 of these rifles were manufactured in total. 120,000 rifles and 14,000 carbines were delivered to Romania until 1914. Remaining assembled rifles were issued to units of the Austro-Hungarian Army at the start of World War I in original caliber. Unassembled rifles were modified to accommodate the 8×50mmR Mannlicher cartridge and issued to Austo-Hungarian troops. During the First World War many were also captured during the Romanian Campaign and used in original caliber.

Type Bolt-action rifle
Place of origin  Austria-Hungary
Service history
In service 1893-1945
Used by Kingdom of Romania
Kingdom of Portugal
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Nazi Germany
Wars Second Balkan War
World War I
Hungarian–Romanian War
World War II
Production history
Designer Otto Schönauer, Ferdinand Mannlicher
Designed 1892
Manufacturer Steyr
Produced 1893-1914
Number built 195000
Variants M1893 Carbine
Weight 4.06 kg (9.0 lb)
Length 122.7 cm (48.3 in)
Barrel length 72.5 cm (28.5 in)
Cartridge 6.5×53mmR
8×50mmR Mannlicher
.22 Long Rifle (1946 trainers)
Action Turning bolt-action
Muzzle velocity 731 metres per second (2,400 ft/s)
Maximum firing range 2,100 metres (2,300 yd)
Feed system 5-round en bloc clip, integralbox magazine

End notes